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SOC Lecture – November 27th.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Christian O.Caron

SOC Lecture – November 27 th Two copies must be submitted: Digital copy due to Blackboard on December 4 th before 4 pm Hard copy due during lecture on December 4 th Title Page: Name Student Number Course Date TAs name in bold letters on right hand corner of the title page Sexual Orientation  “Doing it,” argues that: - What gets defined as sex varies socially and culturally - Why people have sex varies socially and culturally - Sex is fundamentally a social enterprise  Social Construction of SEX - Sex is not something just innate, something we instinctively know; it is something we learn about as we grow into adulthood – has a strong cultural context – sex is fundamentally a social enterprise - What is ‘sex, what is ‘normal’, when, with whom, how long, under what conditions, and to what purpose are learned through various agents of socialization - Michel Foucault – The History of Sexuality  Sexual Orientation - Identification of individuals as heterosexual, bisexual or homosexual based on their emotional and sexual attractions, relationships, self-identity, and lifestyle - Heterosexuals are predominantly attracted to members of the opposite sex - Homosexuals to members of the same sex - Bisexuals are attracted to both sexes - Word ‘gay’ often refers to a male homosexual, while word ‘lesbian’ often refers to a female homosexual  What’s in a Name? - Word ‘gay’ emerged in 1940s and 1950s to refer to both men and women homosexuals - Gay women claimed ‘lesbian’ as their identification during 1960s and 1970s - Bisexual and transgender were added to form GLBT in the late 1990s – replaced by LGBT in mid 2000s - People constantly need new words or letters to describe emerging identities and social roles – no single correct term - LGBTIQ (includes intersex and queer) - LGBTIQQIIAA+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transsexual, queer, questioning, intersex, intergender, asexual, ally and beyond) - About social change, social power, respect, self-respect, and visibility  Operationalization in Action: Sexual Orientation - Each of these contributes to a person’s sexual orientation: - Sexual behavior - Sexual fantasies - Emotional attachments - Sexual self-concepts  Who is Homosexual - Either homosexual or heterosexual - Kinsey and his continuum based on behavior (from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual) - Klein and his sexual orientation grid (sexual attraction, sexual behavior, sexual fantasies, emotional preference, social preference, self-identification, and heterosexual/homosexual lifestyle) Also looking at past, present, and ideal conditions  Statistics - Depends very much on how one measures it - Scholars generally agree that: -
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