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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Version 2

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Irving Zeitlin

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Lecture 3 Last Lecture: Background of Reading: Seneca and Migration and Imperialism. Main Points: 1. Seneca: the kind of movement represented by the presence of British and Indian: the movement called imperialism, which is distinguished from migration or colonization. Imperialism, by definition, involves the relationship of exploitation between the new somer and native. 2. Neo-imperialism: refers to the relations between the United States of America and the countries that are less developed in the post-war period. There are some exploitation relationships such as economical exploitation, the manipulation of politics etc. in order to keep the current power relations. -- The debate that Marx opens up and talked about, the relationship between British and India is not closed. Next Week Reading: “Class, Status and Party” by Weber * 20 years trend for prestige, it represents the evaluation of prestige in American occupations. * Picture: the important thing is the status is understand in terms of hierarchy. In other words, some people are higher up, and some people are below. Agree, that is one way to understand status through hierarchy. * The second way is in the reading by Weber: in here, the orienting concept is not hierarchy but closure. * Imaging a city like Boston, a city associated with old American families, daughter associated with their ancestor of the American revolution. Social closure here: only girls who can trace their ancestor from centuries and centuries ago can belong. * The idea of being a history part of a country is some kind of social horror. * The thing we discuss here is who can really include in our social circle and who is excluded. * Status in terms of social closure. * The insiders who want to keep other people outside will think people outside as failure, stigmatized, dirty, outcast, undistinguished and undesirable. * They will illustrate the exclusion and inclusion through their talking about, for example, marriage in the past (young man from a good family, would someone from a same status good family too; the idea of lower status marriage partner is not worth it.) * Question: Is the social status in Toronto still matters today? Some people think the idea of social status is reduced to social class. Others think that, race is also a very important element in social closure. * Religion, illness (AIDS), can be social stigma and social closure. * Social honour is often round up with how much money you make. But in some other societies, prestige worth a lot. * In the very first paragraph: Weber defined what is Power? Max Weber‟s Definition of Power (On the TEST~!!!) “In general, we understand by „power‟ the chance of a man or of a number of men to realize their own will in a communal action even against the resistance of others who are not participating in the action.” (“Class, Status, Party, page 95”) * Communal action is talking about social community power, not individual power. * Power is do what you want to do, as a group, despite the resistance of others. * It is super-individual power, and include social relationship. It is a about one group of people pushes others, and other group pushes back. * Negotiation related to power relations. QUESTION!! What is the differences between a social category and a social group? * Social category: Men is Canada is a sociological category. * Social group: (men & women, poor & wealth) in a social group, people aware of their membership in that social group. Include face-to-face interaction. * In Weber’s paper: the differences between a class and a community. * The Working class share the same relationship to bourgeoisie, they have same interests in Marx: that does not mean they form a community. (pg. 96 - 98) * Example of social category V.S. social group: Women is Canada is a social category. If you go to the women’s bookstore in Toronto, the women in the bookstore form a group and have face-to-face interaction between themselves and have aware that they are involved in some kind of collective activity. * Class is not necessarily a community, differences is the self-consciousness and interaction. * By reading this article: The sources of class differences, of status differences; of differences of political power; where did they come from? * Sociological meaning of having power over others is that you have access to the resources that others do not have, or you have something that others need but they do not have access to themselves. The controlling of access to recourses and desirable goods gives them power. * The special controlling of resources to desirable goods refers to power. * What is the special resources that give the class power? Different resources related to different kinds of power. * What is the resource gives the class V.S. status V.S. party the power? * Weber on the economic power, Weber agrees with Marx. * The definition of class is the fundamental resources of social inequality. * The differences between Weber and Marx: * 1. Weber argue that Marx has missed some basic elements of social inequality, and that Marx’s focus on class is too narrow. * QUESTION: What beyond Marx’s class concept (class differences) does Weber taking into account to considering the economic inequality?? to explaining class power?? * For Marx, the concept of class differences is fundamental for him to explain the economic inequality. Weber agrees, but Weber thinks that there is more! * 2. That Weber goes beyond Marx is the status cannot reduce to class differences, and political power cannot be reduced to class power. * In other words, it is possible for people not to be so wealthy but have a high social status. People do not need to be so wealthy to have political power. * If you are in the dominate class, that does not mean you have high level of social status. If you have economic power, does not mean you have political power too. * Weber does believe, that one can translate to another. Class power
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