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soc207 lecture 2.doc

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University of Toronto St. George

Soc 207 Lecture 2 Sept 18, 2011 Lecture Goals 1. show how work organization changes over time and place- historical and comparative approach 2. interpret trends and patterns, and their affect on different groups, using different theoretical perspectives 3. Examine how 19th century changes in work organization influenced the nature of work -highest efficiency -> maximum productivity -assembly lines, easily notice if someone is not working --> surveillance of workers -exploitation of workers Conceptual tools -industrializaiton > process of accumulating and processing society resources -capitalism > small number of ppl= capitalist, own and control the process of creating goods/modes of production and the majority of people who work for capitalists to work for a wage -capitalist industrialization >the accumulationand processing of raw materials through a system whereby a small number of people own and control the process of creating goods and services and the majority of peopl work for them for a wage -socialism: where everybody owns the modes/means of production Capitalist Development in Europe Feudalism > pre-capitalist economy: wage-labour rare - idea of selling one's labour work for a wage Mercantile capitalistm (1500s) > wealth fueled the growth of industrial capitalism- allowed for the accumulation of wealth needed to invest in industrial technology >ppl start to move away from Feudalism >the prosperity of a nation is based on trade > gold!! = end goal... thro gold you can fund wars and thro wars you can get more gold -companies that were granted legla rights from the state and trade with the rest of the world Industrial Capitalism (early 1700s) > cottage indsutry > factory system -home based putting out system: merchants would come to a cottage where they make products and the merchants would buy these products Industrializaiton and the organization of work > independent artisans and peasants became wage workers -competitve advantage = skills >"the crisis of the crafsman" > power went into the hands of the owners of the means of produciton -assembly line lead to fragmentation of work.. and allowed the hiring of unskilled wokers > less pay Industrialization and gender: key points -women's work undervalued and under-rewarded throughout history -male-female differences in employejent are almost so
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