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Lecture 5

SOC371H1s-Lecture 5.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Christian O.Caron
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC371H1s: Political Sociology | Role Of Institutions: FEB. 5, 13 Review So far… • Social restructuring.  • Unequal distribution of power • Who can access it? • Economic (Marxist origins) basis of power • Cultural background, social class Last Week:  • Social problems, how to measure it, welfare, well­being in society • GDP—the flaws of it, the measurement is bias. Winners and losers  • GDI—other method of measurement that reflects different levels of measurement  including environment, civil society etc. Today: Role Of Institutions • How does organization of power work • Institutions play an important role to what and why we value. Power distribution  is not random. o I.e. Money—acquires value, the foundations of economic power rests on  the value of money and private property. The institution of money and  private property enables power flow.   How power relations are shaped by institutions—The State  What is an  instituti    • Are systems of est. and embedded social rules that structure social interactions— Geoffrey Hodgson  • A complex, a system, of positions, roles norms and values that are rooted in  particular types of social struct. And organizing relatively stable patterns of  human activity with respects to fundamental problems to producing life­ sustaining resources, in reproducing individuals and in sustaining viable societal  struct. Within a given environment –Jonathan Turner o  The Family?    Rule of norms and conventions that operate  There are roles that are to be played in relation to other members  o Institutions are often used interchangeably with social structures.  o Social institutions form synonymous with social structures but are not  necessarily dependent on each other o Organizations:   Special kinds of institutions  Clear set of rules that distinguish members and non­members  Hierarchy of power   Defined goals SOC371H1s: Political Sociology | Role Of Institutions: FEB. 5, 13 Social Structures, Institutions and Agents o Social structures, inform and shape institutions o Institutions reflect social structures, and in turn affect and embodied within us  through habitus—how we live, where we live etc. o Habitus (internalized behaviour) then become practices which in turn stimulates  and dictates the function of social structure  This cycle can also act reversibly—Practises▯Habitus▯Institutions▯Social Struct.  ▯ Practices Bringing institutions back in the study of power o Peering into the black box Institutional Perspectives  Rational cho
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