Sociology- September 12th 2012
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Emile Durkheim’s “Suicide” 1897: he wanted to make an important point. He said it was
the most anti social act because they do so in private. And they kill themselves from
The rate of suicide per 100 000 is a not a function of the state of mind but a social
At the time they believed that neurasthenia(NS- a state of psychological distress)
He challenged the belief that the higher the rate of NS then the higher the rate of
He found that women suffered from a higher rate of NS (almost twice) And yet men
create a 3-4 times more suicide than women
According to age and religious group : The rate of suicide was highest of Protestant and
NS was higher in jews but suicide was lowest in jews
People are embedded in social relations and psychological distress and the nature of
those influence the likelihood of suicide.
Level of social solidarity in a given group
Slide one - Durkheim”s theory of Suicide I
Married people have a greater level of social solidarity than none married even thought
their psychological distress age and everything is the same.
The religious beliefs of protestants are individual and claims that you should find your
own path unlike catholics where there is a social hierarchy and they controlled and had
a structure. Jews had shared morality and value and social interactions within
themselves because of the anti semitism that was in Europe.
This was the left of the graph
Curve liner rates- When Social solidarity goes over a certain point, suicide rises again
( altruistic suicide)
Example throw yourself on the hand grenade to protect your friends- martyr?
This is what armies aim to do, raise social solidarity so soldiers will be brain washed into
flighting and saving
-They strive to identify a particular type of behaviors for intellectual, p