SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Quasi, Meritocracy

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Published on 17 Nov 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
SOC304H1F Lecture Oct 17, 2011
THE AMOUNT OF INEQUALITY
- Hierarchy is a characteristic of all human societies
- Some societies more unequal than others
- The study of social mobility usually treated upward or downward mobility as
being separable from the overall amount of inequality in society
WHO WANTS “meritocracy”? – EXCHANGE MOBILITY
- Rising above one’s parent social position (seen as a good thing). But if the
number of higher level positions remains constant, one person going up means
another going down (exchange mobility)
Indicators of Social Position
- Income and wealth (can be unstable indicators; leave out account of honour and
prestige
- Owning land (historical restriction of voting rights to freeholders/landowners:
those who “have a stake in the country”)
- Occupation or Trade (Various classifications with important dividing lines
between skilled/unskilled and agricultural/manual/non-manual forms of work.
WHY OCCUPATION
Typical justification – (a) person’s occupation is main indicator of social status in
industrial societies
QUEBEC CITY AS A FRONTIER TOWN – WHILE A FRENCH COLONY
OCCUPATIONS GROUPED INTO SOCIAL CLASS CATEGORIES
- Wage earners
- Farmers
- Other self-employed
- Elite occupations
- Artisans (skilled) for the Internal Market
- Artisans (skilled) for the External Market
THE MOBILITY TABLE (OR MOBILITY MATRIX)
- Intergenerational Mobility Table (square table with rows as father’s status and
columns as son’s status category)
“STRUCTURAL MOBILITY” and the Margins of the Mobility Table
- Industrialization “causes” the proportion of farm jobs to decrease and the
proportion of industrial/clerical jobs to increase.
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Document Summary

Hierarchy is a characteristic of all human societies. The study of social mobility usually treated upward or downward mobility as. Some societies more unequal than others being separable from the overall amount of inequality in society. Rising above one"s parent social position (seen as a good thing). But if the number of higher level positions remains constant, one person going up means another going down (exchange mobility) Income and wealth (can be unstable indicators; leave out account of honour and prestige. Owning land (historical restriction of voting rights to freeholders/landowners: those who have a stake in the country ) Occupation or trade (various classifications with important dividing lines between skilled/unskilled and agricultural/manual/non-manual forms of work. Typical justification (a) person"s occupation is main indicator of social status in industrial societies. Quebec city as a frontier town while a french colony. Intergenerational mobility table (square table with rows as father"s status and columns as son"s status category)

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