28 views5 pages
user avatar
Published on 15 Dec 2010
of 5
Not enough just to rule
To mend rulers power is to rule by divibe right common 17 and 18 royal absolutism or
absolute monarchy
Filmer argued impose limitations on absolute monarch is sacrilege a prince never obliged
contract concessions to abstain lives liberties of subjects do whatever he wants , unalterby
opposed to social contract mult and ruler
James tyrell patriarch 1681 positions human endowed freedom subjection choose whatever
gov they please power any ind has over others
hobbes state of war two qualities passion and reason, first exit is democratic life is nasty
poor brustish and short const of leviathan or common power done with monarch aristorcrtic
assemble or demo. Create a common power from within strong enough put down war in our
soc but other soc covets what we have therefore threaten us with aggression, common power
not adequate defend external aggression must submit aggressor or find string man or
agrees defend us from them,
compare contrast hobbes social contract with others
tyrell makes a common seniscal argument that father auth not absolute subject to mother
laws royal absolutism not derived father authority king reln not natural power but art,
estowed conditionaly with mult or people we know locke purchased tyrell book in tyrelll
anticipates lockes ideas, his ideas inspired locke but didnt acknowledge did he write before
or after revolution before or after defend right of revolution
wheter locke wrote in response of hobbes not engage personally
filmer more popular because he said what priv and power wanted to hear.
Lockes state of nature, people free order lives as they see fit fun equal no power over
another all obligations in nature recip and cites Richard hooker philo thnker who wants
reviece receive it in sat desire in others golden rule. Law of nature everyone knows in state
of war cant live in accordance on dom others pople are free not destroy one or other. Lockes
not state of war during first connection
Locke not succeed distinguish nature with state of war because lockes state of nature allows
self persevtion forced aggression right everyone has right punish transgressor stain punish
offender proportionate to offence in punish harm another injured party seek reperation
recon problem ppl judges in own case self love cruel unusual punishment in American const
need umpire or center auth locke concession to hobbes indespneablity of common umpire
granted hobbes
Locke central argument royal absolutism king judges own case floor for state of war withppl
bot 115, dist nature/ war impl nature turns to war why like hobbes international arena
International arena state of war against one against all, UN common power on the council
dont always agree cannot be common power no teeth or no claws not pessimistic but real
history guide to what happens hard to name state in Europe no armed doomsday
Lockes cites international and jebtha judges in bible ammonites and isrraelites been
coomon power no war would have broke out
Abc of political theory, history all founders American republican were all lockeans and so
were loyalists to fight on side of king soul difference Washington believed he became tyrant
loyalists George made mistake not need revolution was it necessary and American created
higher form of society than Canada. Consent of government
Locke of property all thinkers based on bible hobbes materialist one who belives universe
matter motion no diveine principle yet sophisticated philo who used bible when suitable
Locke earth given to humanity in common in bible not single persons justify institution of
privte property
Adam smith one founders classical political philosophy gov never intervine early capitalism
guided by invisible hand
What locke means by it uses example of apple he who picks apples is intitled to them put
labour into it what other criteon would u use show no other way to dteremine people certain
goods or commodities
Problem no one is intilded to pick so many other wont have any, thinking of NA, scarcity
subject matter of economy distribute scarce goods smarter than not economic but political
economy politics pursuit power how goods distributed once commerce introduced not
natural habitat but means getting more goods and power than state of natire money in
karge commercial interest deny other appropriate labour the things of nature they can use
Marxism capitalism exploit labour thoey of surplus value workers never paid value of
product of there labour but sibsitence capital derives from worker tha subsitence
Points out honour mother father contradicts filmer , accounts for fame is nature of contract
ascent certain rule based upon balance of power and checks and balances in sov absolute
undivided who more powerful people no one how construct gov not undermine sov once
intriduc gove exec rule in way of absolute momarch must divide gov and create checks and
balances protect popel sov
Page 128
Rule of law paramount, concept of tyranny and right of rev tyrant in fact destroyed
umbridge rules in one interest who decide prince or ruler violated trust and become tyrant
its tyrant whter tyranny have reached point of revolution to change nature of regime.
Montesqiue 18th century enlkoghtenment, rev tradition auth, peasents justice came through
rev and traditions to preserve and transmit what prophets have leanred and authority
became a church ideology dom place, later in womb of feudal society emergence emergence
rational sci ideas science was developing such as Copernicus Christian society shayyered by
luther and business and commerce in womb of feudalism which shatters the framework
time enlightenment sci revo name if isaaac newton advanced theory in which all bodies
newton said if I have seen further because I stood on shoulders of giants who were they
Galileo and kepler, aristoltle said heavier one world but Newton fall simultaneously, kepler
distance planet from sun determines spped revolve around sun
Ev influenced by sci is universal
Two movements one one European cont and one Britain
Continent rationalism reason logic, truth from false means of reason Descartes, Spinoza,
Descartes I think therefore I am
Leibniz invented calc but think newton did, newton needed to create math to formulate
Continent empiricism locke , berkely hume epistemology how we know we know something,
call them empiricsists, all knowledge comes from sensory perception, nothing object of
sensory exp all objects of thought where do they come from
Philosphes thinkers of the englighenment , newton intergration of rationalism and
empiricism, observation and
If physical laws govern universw why not laws govern social universe are they chaotic or
governed by laws
Monte laws govern social systems
First work Persian letters, recognize different perspectives in systems from culture, from
Persia never question own way now judging French ways by Persian standards church