SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Counterargument

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7 Dec 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Lec 7 SOC207H1F
Work and Health
Nov 16, 2011
Work and Health
Politics of Workplace Health and Safety
$4.65 billion in compensation
Administrative Model of Regulation
Internal Responsibility System (IRS)
Workers and management cooperating?
Marx’s Theory of Alienation
Alienation: a subjective, psychological experience of losing touch with one’s
‘self’ or human nature, brought about by objective conditions in the
workplace
Marx: work essential for self-actualization
Expressing/fulfilling one’s core potential and needs occurs through
activity of work
Labour: creative activity carried out in cooperation with others, where
people ‘transform the world around them’
Under industrial capitalism, workers lost control over the labor process to
owners/managers
This loss of control led to alienation
Sources of Alienation
Alienated from goods produced
-No ownership of goods produced
-Work becomes means to an end
Alienated from process of production
-Decisions over work speed, scheduling, the manner in which a
task is performed are not controlled by the worker
Alienated from themselves
-Workers are not able to fulfill needs to demonstrate their own
creativity
Alienated from other workers
-workers are not able to collaborate of their own free will – but
instead by the decree of owners/managers
Conditions leading to Alienation
Marx: industrial capitalism leads to alienation
Shift to an economic system where labor is sold results in alienation
Loss of control of labor process => alienation
Other scholars have examined how alienation varies across work
organization
Blauner: role of technology in production techniques shapes
experience of alienation
Craftwork
Machine tending
Assembly line work
Measuring Alienation
Job Satisfaction:
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