SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill, Family Wage, Gender Role

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Published on 7 Dec 2011
SOC207H1F November 23, 2011
Work and Family
Demographic Changes:
Age , Diversity, Education, Labour force participation, Gender
Wrong assumptions about immigrants “taking their jobs”
Having a lot of immigrants not a bad thing but actually good for the economy
(more consumers, more demands more jobs)
Labour force participation increased (entry of women)
oThe pressure of having dual income because of the decrease in income
of male worker. It has become an economic necessity
Work and Family
Changes in the organization of work => changes in the family
Separation of work and family a recent phenomenon
Household work essential for operation of Fordism
oAssumption of work-family work structure as having a male wage
worker and a female doing all housework
oFamily wage ideology (male wage should be enough to support the
oWomen were vital cause their housework allowed males to participate
in the labour force but it was taken for granted
odownplayed and undervalued
Rise of Fordism => Family
Erosion of Fordism => Family
Paid and non-paid Work
In order to understand work-family issues, we must
first understand:
1) the difference between paid and non-paid work
2) how work and family, and specifically, paid and non-paid work, are
Non-Paid Work
oDefinition of “work/labour”
oDistribution and economic value of non-paid work
Non-paid child/elder care meaning non paid work is prevalent
Difficult to assign a wage or value to it because it is connected
to our personal relationships. We do it for love and other
practical reasons. Plus, it happens indoors in private where no
one from the outside could really see.
Gender differences: empirical evidence
If given a dollar value, unpaid work would increase GDP by
c) a third
A single man who marries his (paid) housekeeper would
a) reduce GDP
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