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Lecture

Lecture 4

3 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Sheldon Ungar

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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY (SOC101)
Professor Robert Brym
DATE: September 30
LECTURE 4: Socialization
To behave as a human being, one has to socialize with other people
Socialization is the process of learning culture and how to interact with others
Rene Spitz`s experiment on the effects of socialization or the lack thereof:
oHe compared children who were raised in an orphanage to those raised in a nursery
attached to a women`s prison (both were hygienic and provided good food etc.)
oThe orphans were cared for by six rotating nurses and had less human contact as a
result, while the ones in the nursery were cared for individually by their mother and
were raised in an active social setting
oAt 9-12 months, he found the orphans had higher occurrences of infections, which led
to a higher death rate
oBy two years old, all the children in the prison nursery were walking and talking, but
only 8% of the orphans
Studies show the same for adults- those who have very little social contact tend to have a
weakened immune system
Social depravation: depriving of social stimuli
Without socialization, we do not reach our full human potential
Sociobiology
Evolutionary psychologists, also known as sociobiologists, claim that our genes determine
whether we are law-abiding, whether we are unfaithful to our partners etc.
Darwins Evolutionary Theory states that
1-The characteristics of members of each species vary widely.
2-Species members with more adaptive characteristics are more likely to survive until
reproduction.
3-Therefore, the species characteristics that endure are those that increase the survival
chances of the species.
This basically means that only the fittest of each species live long enough to have offspring
and that:
The species` characteristics that endure are only the only ones that are useful to society
Sociobiologists often attempt to use Darwinian theory to prove statements like the following
example:
1-Men are more likely than women to want many sexual partners
2-This accounts for male promiscuity and female fidelity
They explain this by stating the fact that men can often ejaculate sperm their whole
lives, while women have eggs only from puberty to menopause. According to many
sociobiologists, this means that a woman improves her chances of reproducing her
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Description
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY (SOC101) Professor Robert Brym DATE: September 30 LECTURE 4: Socialization To behave as a human being, one has to socialize with other people Socialization is the process of learning culture and how to interact with others Rene Spitz`s experiment on the effects of socialization or the lack thereof: o He compared children who were raised in an orphanage to those raised in a nursery attached to a women`s prison (both were hygienic and provided good food etc.) o The orphans were cared for by six rotating nurses and had less human contact as a result, while the ones in the nursery were cared for individually by their mother and were raised in an active social setting o At 9-12 months, he found the orphans had higher occurrences of infections, which led to a higher death rate o By two years old, all the children in the prison nursery were walking and talking, but only 8% of the orphans Studies show the same for adults- those who have very little social contact tend to have a weakened immune system Social depravation: depriving of social stimuli Without socialization, we do not reach our full human potential Sociobiolog
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