Assortative Mating

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15 Jan 2011
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Assor tative Mating
Dating culture: youth control, romance-driven => follow heart rather than head, so outcomes are
unpredictable
Homogamy: like mar r y like
Although the importance of ethnicity declined, still mar r ying within race is much more
common
Decline of significance of region
Social class: measured by class of origin (father’s occupation) -> decline
Increase in education homogamy (of ten meet spouses in school)
Variations in homogamy
Gender gap: highly educated and professional men marr y down
Educational effects: highly educated members of minor ity ethnic or racial groups marr y
out more often than less educated peers = both opportunity and preferences
Differences between regions and settings: ethnic/racial minorities less likely to marr y out
(segregated)
By-product hypot hesis: overlap between social groups in society (education & occupation are
cor related)
Class homogamy: by-product of education homogamy
Education homogamy: by-product of matching of social origin
Intermarr iage: more common among ethnic groups who have the same faith
Exchange hypothesis: trade characteristics when they choose spouses
Culture and education: low educated wifes higher cultural participation + low cultural
but high educated husband
Race and income: low economic status White wife + high economic status Black husband
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