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15 Jan 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Domestic Work
Pre-industry society
Production site and consumption site
Women also play important roles in market production
Men/women are economic co-workers
Men actively took care of children, esp boys to teach work at early ages
Industrial society
Mainly a consumption site
Men: paid workers = breadwinners
Women: homemakers, depend on husband’s income
Even after WW2 (1960s ) when womens participation in paid work has increased
significantly, the image of women who belong to home as primary caregiver and
homemaker has not changed
Problems:
Limited in domestic work
Women are expected to make home comfor table and attractive
Women engage in so much energy-consuming housework yet unpaid and undervalued
(eco value = more than $300 billion per year = more than 30% of gross national product)
Trend
Working mom rate increases since 1960s
One of the highest among developed countries
In 2006, more than 70% mothers work
Yet, many (30%) still work part-time because of housework and childrearing
Housework participation
Men: increased compared to the past but mainly in maintenance and repairing (= f lexible,
controllable)
Women: daily core housework (= demand more time, more energy) yet getting better due
to take-out meals, dishwashers, pre-packaged food, and simply not that obsessed with
cleaning
Unhappy ending: double days for working moms -> tensions and conf licts -> low
mar r iage rate, low fertility rate, high divorce rate
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