Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UTSG (50,000)
SOC (3,000)
SOC101Y1 (1,000)
Xing (10)
Lecture

Divorce & Lone-parent families & Stepfamilies


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Xing

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Divorce
Facts and trend of divorce
36% end up divorce within 30 years
Median duration 13 years in first marriage, 7.5 years in second marriage, even lower after
Risk is greatest among the first four years
1/3 divorce with children
Contributing factors
Decreased family functions: from economic to emotional mate; elderly care, healthcare functions are
move out
Increasing vulnerability of marital bond: individual fulfillment are important; not obligated to marriage
Increased longevity: much longer period of time after childrens leaving
Increased participation of women in paid work: womens financial independence; less time at home with
children
Increasing social, religious, and legal acceptance of divorce: changing legal ground for divorce
Downward mobility for divorced women
Income after first year: men ¼ off, women ½ off
In the long term: men have some income increases vs. womens poverty rate rise 16%->40%
Reasons: 90% of children custodies to mothers, esp younger ones; gender earning gap; low level of
spouse & child support payment
Lone Parents Families
Facts
16% of total families in Canada
Over 80% of single parents are females
25% has never married
26% among all couples with children
Economic characteristics
Poverty rate: women twice higher than men
Median income: less than half of couple families = few have their own homes
High risk of poverty: one income, low salaries, low employment rate
Social characteristics
Marginalized: short of emotional support, low level of social activities such as social network
Higher frequency of family structure transitions: remarriage or cohabitation, higher frequency of
dissolution
Two age cohorts
Parenting at 30-45 age: mostly planned adoption/birth; more established in terms of financial
security, education, psychological maturity; more stable family structure
Teen parents: low education, low marketable skills, psychological immature
Perspectives
Individualistic: women are better prepared for child care and housekeeping
www.notesolution.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version