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CA (574,157)
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SOC101Y1 (1,011)
Xing (16)
Lecture

Divorce & Lone-parent families & Stepfamilies

by OneClass4470 , Summer 2010
3 Pages
124 Views
Summer 2010

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Xing

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Divorce
Facts and trend of divorce
36% end up divorce within 30 years
Median duration 13 years in first marriage, 7.5 years in second marriage, even lower after
Risk is greatest among the first four years
1/3 divorce with children
Contributing factors
Decreased family functions: from economic to emotional mate; elderly care, healthcare functions are
move out
Increasing vulnerability of marital bond: individual fulfillment are important; not obligated to marriage
Increased longevity: much longer period of time after childrens leaving
Increased participation of women in paid work: womens financial independence; less time at home with
children
Increasing social, religious, and legal acceptance of divorce: changing legal ground for divorce
Downward mobility for divorced women
Income after first year: men ¼ off, women ½ off
In the long term: men have some income increases vs. womens poverty rate rise 16%->40%
Reasons: 90% of children custodies to mothers, esp younger ones; gender earning gap; low level of
spouse & child support payment
Lone Parents Families
Facts
16% of total families in Canada
Over 80% of single parents are females
25% has never married
26% among all couples with children
Economic characteristics
Poverty rate: women twice higher than men
Median income: less than half of couple families = few have their own homes
High risk of poverty: one income, low salaries, low employment rate
Social characteristics
Marginalized: short of emotional support, low level of social activities such as social network
Higher frequency of family structure transitions: remarriage or cohabitation, higher frequency of
dissolution
Two age cohorts
Parenting at 30-45 age: mostly planned adoption/birth; more established in terms of financial
security, education, psychological maturity; more stable family structure
Teen parents: low education, low marketable skills, psychological immature
Perspectives
Individualistic: women are better prepared for child care and housekeeping
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Description
Divorce Facts and trend of divorce 36% end up divorce within 30 years Median duration 13 years in first marriage, 7.5 years in second marriage, even lower after Risk is greatest among the first four years 13 divorce with children Contributing factors Decreased family functions: from economic to emotional mate; elderly care, healthcare functions are move out Increasing vulnerability of marital bond: individual fulfillment are important; not obligated to marriage Increased longevity: much longer period of time after childrens leaving Increased participation of women in paid work: womens financial independence; less time at home with children Increasing social, religious, and legal acceptance of divorce: changing legal ground for divorce Downward mobility for divorced women Income after first year: men off, women off In the long term: men have some income increases vs. womens poverty rate rise 16%->40% Reasons: 90% of children custodies to mothers, esp younger ones; gender earning gap; low level of spouse & child
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