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Families and Local Communities

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Families and Local Communities (July 12)
For Exam:
Traditional: everything is connected to each other
Changing process: big picture!!
Family = institution
Community = between family and the state (not an institution but has a connection, larger than
The complex toward the losing traditional community
The image of traditional communi ty is often biased and ha s been focusing only on positive side
The mar r iage between kinship = overlapped kinship
The selected images of the past
The coexistence of cohesiveness and suppor t in the traditional community and conf licts and
restrictions of the shared values, norms and consensus in the community on its members
i.Hierarchy of families: old families were superior than the new families and marginalized
ii.Patriarchy and gendered role expectat i ons: the notion of a family community” implies a set of
ideas about gender relations, and particularly about the place of women
The significance of kinship in local community
In the context of low mobility over generations, the mar r iage market was localized and thus strong
kin would develop
In the context of geog raphical mobility, urban villages are also possible because
i.Kinship bonds are very useful resources for migration and settlement, therefore little Italy” in
Boston, German Town” in Philadelphia, Chinatown in New York, and etc.
ii.Network hiring is positive to the maintenance of kinship (demonstrates credibility because its
based on the responsibility of the one who introduces)
Gender difference
i.Women are more likely to settle near their ki n for child-caring and elderly care.
The appeals offamily communities
The efforts to build and maintain family-l ike communities in the process of suburbanization are
People regard community as a potential sources of material and emot ional security in an uncertain
world … thereby are led to pursue involvements in community rather than abandon it
Social forces and family-community connections
The forced” solidarity of community in earlier generations vs. the development of welfare state and
the availability of a more aff luent and individual istic life style
i.Individual family is too weak to prevent themselves: safety net for survival required through
forced solidarity = mutual benefits
The restructur ing of industries
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