Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
UTSG (50,000)
SOC (3,000)
SOC101Y1 (1,000)
Xing (10)

Inequality and the Family

Course Code

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Inequality and the Family (July 22)
For Exam:
income gap between rich & poor increases
2 articles: trap in/out to poverty is related to family structure changes -> individuals can control
3 structures interplay (economic condition = welfare state (usually not mat ter in Northern Europe //
family structure change is a huge impact b/c of no union protection, thereby unemployment (US) //
Canada in middle)
How family cope with poverty
Diversity of famil ies (between families, not wit hin): cultural, economical, social dynamics can be
very different from one family to another
Different family structure (form) = outcome of inequality (ex: socioeconomic status)
I.Lead to disadvant aged life/position: single parents = single income = greater chance of
Social inequality
I.Mate selection process: opportuni t y structure = not everyone marr ies whom they want
II.Black women = more single moms
Demographic reason of gender imbalance within race: not enough men (gang violence, in a
jail etc)
Poverty: men cant play a breadwinner role (women rather choose to live alone)
High proportion of immigrant population: tradi tional culture forces them to keep extended
family, but also, they are more disadvantaged (the gap between native & immigrants) = no
good job = no good income
Therefore, extended family is not a choice, but forced: good for sharing & mutual aid =
survive all together
Poli tical inequality
I.Same-sex mar r iage: although its been legali zed, still discriminated
II.the way they are linked to each other can be diverse
Family as locat i on (class mobility) = transfer rable?
I.Father’s income and educati on background: highly cor related with childrens income and
education (your neighborhood also matters in whi ch school youll go to)
II.Extremely high / low class: mostly inherit parents social/economic backg round
Rich children are provided with enough physical & psychological care = basic difference to
begin with
Rich parents high expectation to their children = kids can also see their future
Parent s of private school kids are actively involved in school board: extracur ricul ar, school
Your family network also plays a crucial role: even if your e smart, its hard to get an
internship in the big company if you dont have any connection
Parents own knowledge: poor & less educated parents dont know whats expected in
school because they themselves didnt experience the same opportunity = causes high drop-
out rate for poor kids
Family & poverty (reading) = essay question on final exam! Read in detail!!!
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version