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Xing (10)
Lecture

Inequality and the Family


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Xing

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Inequality and the Family (July 22)
For Exam:
income gap between rich & poor increases
2 articles: trap in/out to poverty is related to family structure changes -> individuals can control
3 structures interplay (economic condition = welfare state (usually not mat ter in Northern Europe //
family structure change is a huge impact b/c of no union protection, thereby unemployment (US) //
Canada in middle)
How family cope with poverty
Diversity of famil ies (between families, not wit hin): cultural, economical, social dynamics can be
very different from one family to another
Different family structure (form) = outcome of inequality (ex: socioeconomic status)
I.Lead to disadvant aged life/position: single parents = single income = greater chance of
poverty
Social inequality
I.Mate selection process: opportuni t y structure = not everyone marr ies whom they want
II.Black women = more single moms
Demographic reason of gender imbalance within race: not enough men (gang violence, in a
jail etc)
Poverty: men cant play a breadwinner role (women rather choose to live alone)
High proportion of immigrant population: tradi tional culture forces them to keep extended
family, but also, they are more disadvantaged (the gap between native & immigrants) = no
good job = no good income
Therefore, extended family is not a choice, but forced: good for sharing & mutual aid =
survive all together
Poli tical inequality
I.Same-sex mar r iage: although its been legali zed, still discriminated
II.the way they are linked to each other can be diverse
Family as locat i on (class mobility) = transfer rable?
I.Father’s income and educati on background: highly cor related with childrens income and
education (your neighborhood also matters in whi ch school youll go to)
II.Extremely high / low class: mostly inherit parents social/economic backg round
Rich children are provided with enough physical & psychological care = basic difference to
begin with
Rich parents high expectation to their children = kids can also see their future
Parent s of private school kids are actively involved in school board: extracur ricul ar, school
curriculum
Your family network also plays a crucial role: even if your e smart, its hard to get an
internship in the big company if you dont have any connection
Parents own knowledge: poor & less educated parents dont know whats expected in
school because they themselves didnt experience the same opportunity = causes high drop-
out rate for poor kids
Family & poverty (reading) = essay question on final exam! Read in detail!!!
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