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SOC101Y1 (985)
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Immigrant Families

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University of Toronto St. George

Immigrant Families (August 5) For Exam: Adjustment 2 unique process A. Separation: long-distance usually leads to divorce (single momdad) B. gender dynamics: harsh economic conditions much more likely to trap in longer poverty for new comers, economic structure & union protection is rigid => also hard for well-educated people esp. men => downward mobility -> earning power declined, no patriarchy any more -> domestic abuse higher Basics Two wasts (types) of immigrant families I. 1 wave (100 years ago) a) Mostly poor Europeans from rural areas immigrated to North America to look for job opportunities b) Low education, similar cultural, religious, and racial backgrounds c) Rapid industrialization allowed them to engaged in manual labor of blue collar work (agriculture etc) d) They were ranked differently according to race II. 2 wave (after WW2; 1960s) a) Tried to recover from war (shortage in labor market in North America) = door is opened, not limited to race, cultural backgrounds b) Economic situation allowed more low-level service jobs & high professional jobs (knowledge economy) Diverse forms of immigrant families Female-headed families: the Caribbean and the Vietnamese I. Jobs are not much available for their husbands in home countries II. Gender imbalance because of war = no husbands Transnational families Immigrant families across the border: the Mexican men and women as seasonal workers in the U.S. and Canada, leaving their children taken care by relatives in the original country Transnational mothering. e.g., the Philippine women alone immigrated as domestic servants leaving their children and husbands Parachute children aged 8-17 and satellite homes in the North America among the East Asian Transitional families in Vancouver: only women and children Return migrants: young and old generation to Asia (parents return to home country after nd children become independent = largely due to cultural barrier 2 generation kids return to get jobs) Extended families Expanded extended families among the Vietnamese immigrants Co-resident groups among lone immigrants to copy with financial difficulties and social isolation, often temporary.
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