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15 Jan 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Immigrant Families (August 5)
For Exam:
Adjustment
2 unique process
A.Separation: long-distance usually leads to divorce (single mom/dad)
B.gender dynamics: harsh economic conditions much more likely to trap in longer poverty for new
comers, economic structure & union protection is rigid => also hard for well-educated people
esp. men => downward mobility -> earning power declined, no patriarchy any more -> domestic
abuse higher
Basics
Two waves (types) of immigrant families
I. 1st wave (100 years ago)
a)Mostly poor Europeans from rural areas immigrated to North America to look for job
opportunities
b) Low education, similar cultural, religious, and racial backgrounds
c)Rapid industrialization allowed them to engaged in manual labor of blue collar work
(agriculture etc)
d) They were ranked differently according to race
II. 2nd wave (after WW2; 1960s)
a)Tried to recover from war (shortage in labor market in North America) = door is opened,
not limited to race, cultural backgrounds
b) Economic situation allowed more low-level service jobs & high professional jobs
(knowledge economy)
Diverse forms of immigrant families
Female-headed families: the Caribbean and the Vietnamese
I. Jobs are not much available for their husbands in home countries
II. Gender imbalance because of war = no husbands
Transnational families
Immigrant families across the border: the Mexican men and women as seasonal workers in the
U.S. and Canada, leaving their children taken care by relatives in the original country
Transnational mothering. e.g., the Philippine women alone immigrated as domestic servants
leaving their children and husbands
Parachute” children aged 8-17 and satellite homes in the North America among the East
Asian
Transitional families in Vancouver: only women and children
Return migrants: young and old generation to Asia (parents return to home country after
children become independent = largely due to cultural barrier // 2nd generation kids return to
get jobs)
Extended families
Expanded extended families among the Vietnamese immigrants
Co-resident groups among lone immigrants to copy with financial difficulties and social
isolation, often temporary.
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Document Summary

Basics: two waves (types) of immigrant families. Jobs are not much available for their husbands in home countries. Gender imbalance because of war = no husbands: transnational families. Immigrant families across the border: the mexican men and women as seasonal workers in the. U. s. and canada, leaving their children taken care by relatives in the original country. Transnational mothering. e. g. , the philippine women alone immigrated as domestic servants leaving their children and husbands. Parachute children aged 8-17 and satellite homes in the north america among the east. Transitional families in vancouver: only women and children. Return migrants: young and old generation to asia (parents return to home country after children become independent = largely due to cultural barrier // 2nd generation kids return to get jobs: extended families. Expanded extended families among the vietnamese immigrants: co-resident groups among lone immigrants to copy with financial difficulties and social isolation, often temporary. www. notesolution. com. Patterns and dynamics of families in the original countries.

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