February 23, 2010: Deviance and Control
•Why the message is putting out there…
•Medicalization of deviance: It refers to the process by which non
medical problems become defined and treated as medical problems.
•Critics of psychiatry were the first to call attention to medicalization, it
was referred to as commonly medical social control.
•Parsons—famous functional sociologist. –conceptualize medicine as a
form of social control.
•Saying it is health issue, using medical language to define a problem.
•Or using a medical intervention.
•For example, if talk about drug abusers and addicts, talk about
addition …(medical issue),
•Alcoholism—becomes no longer a deviant act but a physical health
•Homosexuality: first classified as sociopathology disorder,….now
removed from DNS.
•Why does medicalization occur??
•Conrad maintains the medicine has replace religion as the dominant
•Infertility came from the gods. In looking at the rise of medicine and
the demise of religion, in some sense begs the question of how
medicalization came about. Why did medicine went out in this process?
Why not religion??
•The power of the medical profession cannot be ignored.
•Professional dominance has given medicine complete control over
health and medical problems.
•Especially true when children have ADHD now…now a learning
•Allen---part of the reading, he talks about social control, how it is
central and a critical concept in sociology. He gives a great overview of
the importance of social control and suggests that the prevailing focus
on the study of social control is in the role of criminal law. (penal
sanctions—because punishment is the way we think of responding to
acts of deviant, but there are many other ways)
•He points out: therapy (treatment), compensation, conciliation
(negotiation between the two parties).
•Therapy is the form of social control to return patients to normality.
•The goal is to change to what may be perceived of as a disorder