Lecture Note jan 12
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January 12, 2010: Deviance and Control
•Sex offenders encompasses a wide range of individuals who engage in
very different activities.
•It can involve sexual assaults, indecent liberties with a child, incest
with a child, child molesting, (all of these things are encompassed with
•In Canada, in 1983, they enacted a series of things which included rape
in the series of assault. A husband can be charged with raping his wife,
they also did this moving of rape into this range of sexual assault in
the U.S. The reason they did this was to increase reporting and the
ease of prosecution. You did not always have to prove penetration,
evidence of semen, to nail people of these crimes.
•So the offences of rape here in Canada, and indecent assault were
replaced with sexual assault, sexual assault with a weapon, and
•Sexual offences have traditionally to be the least likely crime to be
founded and reported.
•the changes in legislation have changed the reporting in legislation.
•The most common offence in Canada is unwanted touching, non sexual
attacks, spousal victims of women (20% of women, and 3% of men)
•Rates of victimization are highest from female teens.
•By 1988, they also passing legislation that focused on sexual abuse of
children.There are several different categories that fall into this
legislation. Sexual inference is that sexual touching of the child under
the age of fourteen.
•Invitation to sexual touching prohibits adults from abiding children
under 14 to touch them sexually.
•Sexual exploitation prohibits a person with a person of authority
(anyone who has authority over the youth)…or someone who upon a
youth will depend invite touching from that youth.
•The Canadian uniform crime system gather data on sexual offences
between 1988 and 1990, in seven police agencies and they reported
about 1000 cases. They found that among these cases 2/3 of the victims
were female, in 98% of the cases the perpetrator was a male. 81% of
cases people know the victim. People you know and care about you
should be concerned about with. 24% were parents, 17% were other
family members, 40% were acquaintances.
•One of the most important things we need to talk about is recidivism.
What are the chances the person will reoffend? There is no easy
answer. What is recidivism.
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