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SOC101Y1 (1,009)
Lecture

SOC304H1-Lec 6

12 Pages
100 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Charles Jones

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Description
What status attainment approaches can tell us about discriminationand what they cant Some Conclusions1 Status attainment is social which means that it is affected by institutional arrangementsother peoples actions 2 Knowledge of how internal labour markets work is vital for understanding career mobility at the micro level 3 Large parts of career mobility are administered in sense that career moves arise from organizational practices 4 Long vacancy chains indicate organizational practices favoring internal hiring Key Concepts in Status AttainmentInitial EndowmentsThese are the resources with which people start out in lifeExamples social class of origin parental educationoccupational levels indicators of ethnicity race religion country of origin for immigrantsTransformation of initial endowments into intermediate resourcesMainly formal education but also onthejob trainingseniority with the first occupationTransformation of intermediate resources into final social position final outcomeUsually indicated by final occupationemployment income or household income not the same thing esp for married personsOther ConceptsCohorts also synthetic cohortsThis means what decade you were born in married in and graduated inGraduating classes are a kind of cohort the class of 2011Those born in 1920sThose born in 1930sEtcSome cohorts may be lucky others not Birth and Fortune is a book that examines thisDifferent birth cohorts come of age in different historical periods boomslumpSummary Ascribed and achieved Status attainment approach can show group differences including cohort differences in the relative strength of various characteristics which influence occupational status and earned incomeOver this century formal education has become increasingly important for the transmission of social status between generationsexcept for older cohorts of Blacks in the US African AmericansSummary Mechanism of status transmission has changedDirect transmission of occupational status from family of origin to the young adult son or daughter has become less importantLink between formal education and respondents occupational status has become more important universalism credentialism justification of hiring decisions by reference to transcriptstest results etcSummary Interpretations of what education doesLink between parental characteristics and the young adults amount of formal education has become more important middle class parents more likely to believe in importance of education or at least educational credentialsThus social status is still to some degree passed from one generation to another but transmission no longer as direct as before Instead transmission is partly laundered through formal education the conformity it requires the credentials it givesIndicators of Status Attained or of Career ProgressBlishen or Duncan SEI score of the main jobEmployment income received What about wealth or investment incomeThe risk or hazard of making some transitionFor lawyers becoming a partnerFor some people getting any paid job at allFor other people moving into a white collar jobFor still other people being able to retire at 55Measurable OutcomesWhat you are trying to predictDependent or Criterion variable usually an indicator of achieved status or of career progressUse Hazard Models when predicting the risk of making a career transition for example promotionWhat you are using as predictorsIndependent variables are usually indicators of resources such as previously achieved statuses or of enduring ascribed statuses gender raceAfricanAmericans vs Whites in US Status Attainment StudiesBlack respondents reported lower income and lower SEI occupations than WhitesRace difference not fully accounted for by endowments such ascharacteristics of father his SEI and level of formal educationbeing from the South Old South of USAlevel of formal education or respondent SEI of first occupation of respondentDifferential Rates of Return to EducationLink rate of return Between Respondents Education and First Job o USA Black MenEducation to First Job 038 o USA White Men Education to First Job 053
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