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Social Interaction

Course Code
Sheldon Ungar

of 3
Sociology September 29th, 2010.
Social Interaction
Reading: NONE
Influenced by emotional state, e.g. e=act different depending if something’s funny,
Dyats: 2 person groups
In general speakers laugh 50% more than listeners do
Women laugh more than men do in everyday conversation
Women laugh 2X more than men
Men systematically get more laughs then women do
Status: a recognized position in a social interaction
Status hierarchy: subordinate and super ordinate positions
People with higher status get more laughs and people with lower status get less
Laughter in everyday life is a signal of dominance in a social relationship
Patterns of laughter often reveal hierarchy statuses
Men who frequently tell degrading jokes of women are most likely to act in
physical violence against women
Like sickness, in laughter there is an external disturbance, e.g. virus that causes us
to catch a cold or bear attack that causes us to response in fear
Our responses are involuntary, however we can and often control our emotions
Temper your fear with a new emotion
External stimulus, e.g. grizzly bear attack physiological response and initial
emotion, e.g. pulse rate increases, experience fear cultural script, e.g. learnt
that lying still and playing dead increases chances modified emotional response
Hochschild is leading figure in study of emotion management: involves people
obeying “feeling rules and responding appropriately to the situations in which
they find themselves
Emotional labor: emotion management that ne does as part of ones job and for
which one is paid
Protestantism allows people to have inner outlet with God
(19:20) allow employer to exercise high degree of control over
The crude death rate is the annual number of deaths per 1,000 people on a
A rate is the frequency with which an event occurs in a given time span per
population unit
Infant mortality rate fell and emotional investment in children increased, 19th
century where women began having fewer children
Sociology September 29th, 2010.
16th century experienced shorter period mourning over child, due to less mortality
How to Calculate Rate
oN = number of people in a population at a given time
oM = number of marriages in population over a given period
oThe marriage rate = (N/M) * 1,000. That is, you divide the frequency of an event
(how often it occurs in a given time span, such as a year) by the size of the
population and multiply by 1,000 to find the rate of the event per 1,000 people.
Multiply by 100 to find the rate per 100 people.
Pattern of social interaction tends to break down when one party of the interaction
gets nothing out of it
Conversely pattern of social interaction persists when both parties gain something
out of it
Social interaction requires needs of both party are met, exchanges of pleasure,
attention, prestige (valued resources need to be exchanged)
Social interaction often involves giving less than your gaining
Even if an action does not maximize their personal gain, people will do things
because its fair
Norms: are standards of behavior or generally accepted ways of doing things
Values: shared ideas about what is wrong and right
Better to change valued resources is glue that makes us interact
Where do Norms and Value come From?
From culture
From creative negotiation
-We manipulate the impressions we make on others
-We communicate verbally and nonverbally
Medical students reduce distant between themselves and role of doctor by learning
medical jargon
Important Types of Nonverbal Communication
Facial expression, gestures and body language
Status cues (visual indicators of other peoples social positions), size up based on
gender, size, height, skin color, etc
Stereotypes (rigid views of how members of various groups act, regardless of
whether individual group members really behave that way)
Same six emotions are expressed facially in the same way worldwide: Sadness,
happiness, anger, disgust, fear, surprise
Sociology September 29th, 2010.
People manipulate the ones around us (1:17:30)
Stereotypes are rigid views of how members of specific social category act,
regardless if they actually do or not
Operating with stereotypes impairs social interaction
A variable is a concept that can have more than one value
A correlation is the relationship or association between two variables
The correlation coefficient (r) measures the strength of the relationship between
variables. Its value ranges from -1 to +1, with -1 indicating a perfect negative
linear association, +1 indicating a perfect positive linear association, and 0
indicating no association.