SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Groupthink, Ingroups And Outgroups, Siq

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9 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Sociology October 13
th
, 2010.
Networks, Groups & Bureaucracies
Reading: online reading #1*
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/soc101y/brym/ch6(excerpt).pdf, SiQ ch. 8 @ p. 76
Why Most People Confor m
Nor ms of solidarity demand confor mity
Structures of author ity tend to render people obedient
Bureaucracies in particular are highly effective structures of authority
Community Values in Glen Ridge (rape of young, disabled girl by group of teen
boys, where the community defended the boys)
Subordination of women
Lack of compassion for the weak—strong ought to prevail, men were strongest
Tolerance of male misconduct—parents always cover up boys misconduct, boys
will be boys
Intense group loyalty—guys pr ized intimacy with each other far beyond what they
could with a girl
Why most People Conform
Nor ms of solidarity demand confor mity
Structures of author ity tend to render people obedient
Bureaucracies in particular are highly effective structures of authority
A bureaucracy is a large, impersonal organi zation composed of many clearly defined
positions arranged in a hierarchy. It has a permanent, salaried staff of qualified experts
and written goals, rules, and procedures. Staff members always try to find ways of
running their organization more efficiently. Efficiency means achieving the
bureaucracy’s goals at the least cost.
A social group is composed of two or more people who identify with one another
routinely interact with one another, and adhere to defined norms, roles, and
statues
A social category is composed of two or more people who share similar status but
do not routinely interact or identify with one another
In a primary group, norms, roles, and statuses are agreed upon but are not put in
writing. Social interaction creates stronger emotional ties, extends over a long
period, and involves a wide range of activities.
A secondary group is larger, and social interaction is more impersonal, creates
weaker emot ional ties, extends over a shor ter period and involves a nar row range
of activities.
Groupthink is the tendency to confor m to group norms despite individual
misgivings
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Document Summary

Why most people conform: norms, structures, bureaucracies of solidarity demand conformity of authority tend to render people obedient in particular are highly effective structures of authority. Intense group loyalty guys prized intimacy with each other far beyond what they could with a girl. A bureaucracy is a large, impersonal organization composed of many clearly defined positions arranged in a hierarchy. It has a permanent, salaried staff of qualified experts and written goals, rules, and procedures. Staff members always try to find ways of running their organization more efficiently. In a primary group, norms, roles, and statuses are agreed upon but are not put in writing. October 13th, 2010: bystander apathy is the tendency of witnesses not to get involved in wrongdoing. As the number of bystanders increases, the likelihood of any one bystander helping decreases because the greater the number of bystanders, the less responsibility any one individual feels. In-group members are those who belong to a group.

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