Lecture 4 .docx

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11 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor
Lecture 4
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Rationalization
Bureaucracy + Charisma
Science as a Vocation
Religious Rejections of the world
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Rationalization
In this essay about rationalization, he is articulating core question
How did it come about from people in the west develop this intensively rational, calculating approach to
all aspects of life? It is to plan the best way possible and allows you to make changes.
This is an unusual thing in history; atypical
A lot of cultures, traditions can be destabilizing; a lot of traditional practices get thrown away if they are
irrational
When did this rationalization occur first? Going through the different spheres
1. Science
Many cultures and places have developed rich and refined set of empirical observations around the
world
What is objective and not objective for doing science in a scientific way
Only found in the west
2. Art
Ranging sounds in a systematic way of imposing music
Happened only in the west
Writing down music; allows you to think about music in an abstract way
Development of perspective and painting
3. Architecture
Western innovation
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Only possible based on modern mathematical ideas
4. Universities
Places of higher learning
Organized around different research functions in a systematic way to push the development of
knowledge
Western invention
5. Bureaucracy
Specialized civil service
Work in a city, work in the government
6. Constitutional state
State where you have a constitution; proper theory which you follow
Follow the framework how to govern a nation
7. Modern capitalism
Not about the greedy pursuit of profit
It’s systematic, quantitative; did I make more money than I did yesterday?
Always having to calculate and plan
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Put all this together and you get a picture of the whole world moving toward rational thinking in going
on their lives rather than through traditions
More and more people live by the rules by the head rather than the heart
Its more a point about the structure of the society; each part is related to another part due to a plan
Doesn’t meant people in the past are not as bright
Each task is a worked out function rather than how it was done
Real symbol is bureaucracy
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Bureaucracy + Charisma
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What is bureaucracy? Main features of bureaucracy
1. Jurisdictional areas
People who work in official areas
A function or task you have to do
You work is defined around that function
Rules of that office define who’s in charge, defines the scope of your work and the authority you have
over other people
Defined by the function
Unusual way to organize people in human history; we have been organized by tradition or custom or
closeness to charismatic leader
2. Office hierarchy
Lower supervised by higher supervised
Higher doing more general tasks and lower doing more specific task
Each position is laid out by tasks
Your career is about moving up the chart
Career advancement is learning the correct functions
3. Files
Written documents that keep records of what is happening
Keep that in a special place not in peoples home
Files are part of the organization; the brain center
It last longer than any person in the specific role
Files are allow what the role to persists; central to bureaucracy, role more important than the person
4. Full time job
Running a bureaucracy is a full time job
Who can be an office manager?
You’re just making the hierarchy work; keeps the office flowing
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