SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Paul Bernardo, Coal Dust, Arson

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19 Apr 2012
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November 23rd, 2011
SOC101-Lecture
Crime and Deviance
- bring calculator
- multiple choice
Hair “Crimes”
- what makes an act a criminal/ deviant act means there is a departure form
the norms
- deviance: breaking a norm
- crime: breaking norm that has been codifed in law
- both deviance and crime typically elecit a negative reaction from others,
ranging from mild (e.g., an individual raising his or her eyebrows) to severe
(eg. A state invoking capital punishment)
- even the killing of other people is defined as okay but in other context seen as
a horrible crime
- Have you heard of Paul Bernardo and Karla Holmolka
- Early 90s, convicted of committed murder in the Toronto area
- Have you ever heard of the Westray mine disaster
- In 1992, Nova Scotia, 26 people killed, 4 government commissions were
established.
- Coal dust, supervisors who were hired were inexperienced, (safety issues)
- No one went to jail or convicted of anything although all 4 govt
commissioners found negligence
- Peole with more power have more say in what constitutes a norm or a law
- Norms and laws are created for the benefit of people with a lot of power
Power, White-Collar Crime, Street Crime
- power: is the probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in
a position to carry out his or her own will despite resistance
- white-collar crime: refers to illegal acts committed by a person of
respectability and high social status in the course of his or her occupation
- street crimes: include arson, burglary, robbery, assault, and other illegal acts.
They are committed disproportionately from lower classes.
- Men tend to have more power over women
- Many types of crimes against women were largely ignored in Canada before,
such as rape
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