SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Feminist Theory, Sexual Orientation

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19 Apr 2012
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November 21st, 2011
SOC101-Tutorial
Test #2
NS: 4,5,6,14
SLDI: 4
paul.catteeuw@utoronto.ca
- key terms are important
- check out sample test
- last years test available **
MEDIA
- functionalism:
o reinforce social control
o fostering social solidarity
o same understanding and interpretation of events across the world
- conflict theory:
o getting viewpoints of the elite only
o media organizations are owned by a large umbrella corporations that
are worth a lot of money
o the rich are going to have a big effect on what goes into the media
o what to report on and how to report on it
o characteristics of the owners
o disproportionately fed into the media
- symbolic Interactionism (interpretably) :
o focus on the effect of the media
o each person takes what the media gives them differently
o everyone has different values and understandings
o there will be no standardized message sent out by the media because
everyone will interpret it differently
- feminist theory:
o misrepresentation of women and minorities in the media
REGRESSION AND SPURIOUSNESS
- regression: y=a+bx
- a: intercept :where the line crosses the y axis
- b: slope: rise/run
o if x is = to 5, what would the y value be?
- Independent variables, not effected by any other variable
- Statistical significant: result is not due to chance
o Which variables are significantly negative?
o **go over last years test for application questions regarding this
o controlled variable: you have to have 3 variables to have a controlled
variable
- Spuriousness:
o X loves y
o Introduce a control variable
o Z (condition 1)
Drunk
o Z (condition 2)
Sober
o When including Z2 in the relationship, the relationship disappears
o Not a causal association
o Its caused by a third variable, drunkenness
SEX AND GENDER
- sex and gender are not the same thing
o Sex: difference between male and female (sex organs)
o Gender Identity: not clearly born as a male or female (sex change
movies) whatever gender you identify with. Has nothing to do with
anatomy
o Gender Role: behaviours identified with being male and female
o Sexual orientation: how someone derives sexual pleasure
- Sex is separate from everything
- Social implications
- Nature and nurture divide
-