Class Notes (808,312)
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Sociology (3,202)
SOC101Y1 (985)
Robert Brym (148)

notes on 2nd semester readings

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University of Toronto St. George
Robert Brym

2 Semester readings Muller- "Us and Them" o 2 ways of viewing national identity: 1) people within a nations borders 2) people with a shared heritage (ethonationalist) o Ethnonationalism: not a product of nation but of culture deliberately constructed source for claim to political power as well as nation-state divisions o Strength of ethnic groups from economic and psychological bases determine their political power o Examples od ethnic disaggregation include- Nazism, WWII and the Polish, The Partition, Israel/Palestine Conflict, etc. o Ethnonationalism is a direct consequence of modernization Kuperman- Rwanda in Retrospect" o Was not claimed to be a Genocide o Tutsi- 17%, Hutu- the rest, transition to independence, Hutus took over, exodus of half the Tutsis to neighboring states o Question of whether the U.S. involvement or UN troops would have altered the outcome o Big lesson: intervention is not a substitute for prevention Weber- The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism o (Ch.1) Religious Affiliation and Social Stratification Protestants (no matter their social status) have shown a special tendency to develop economic rationalism which cannot be observed to the same extent among Catholics. Thus the principal explanation of this difference must be sought in the permanent intrinsic character of their religious beliefs, and not only in their temporary external historico-political situations Calvinism was among the strongest Protestant denominations to promote the development of the spirit od capitalism o (Ch.2) The Spirit of Capitalism Time is money, credit is money to be used for good Money is of the prolific generating nature- money begets more money Be wary of your accounts/possessions, modesty is also key Utilitarianism: Honesty is useful, because it assures credit; so are punctuality, industry, frugality, and that is the reason they are virtues Spirit of capitalisms opposition= traditionalism Surpluses (of labor, goods, etc.) are cause for increase in capitalist spirits Not embracing capitalism where it is dominant, means inevitable economic failure o (Ch.5) Asceticism and the Spirit of Capitalism Wealth is dangerous in terms of temptation The moral objection is to relaxation in the security of possession, the enjoyment of wealth with the consequence of idleness and the temptations of the flesh, above all of distraction from the pursuit of a righteous life Utilitarian motivation of labor: division of labor and development of skills Rational conduct is key Barbie and the World Economy o Chinas major export- its cheap labor o Localization of products is difficult- Made in China/Japan/Mexico/Korea/etc. Contributors to the Anaheim Barbie as much as/more than China. Saudi Arabia= oil that, after refining, produces ethylene. Taiwan= used the ethylene to produce vinyl plastic pellets that became Barbie's body. Japan supplied her nylon hair. The United States supplied her cardboardpackaging. Hong Kong managed everything. Every country gets a cut of its $2 export value o US is the only industrialized nation in the world with a trade deficit with China o Barbie is sold in 140 countries at a rate of two dolls every second. More than 40% of the dolls are sold overseas, primarily in Europe and Japan. o Labor component- cheapest but most critical. Enormous cheap workforce is required. Hello China Hamilton and List o Lenin o Imperialism emerged from capitalism Transition from capitalism to a higher social and economic system Free competition to monopolies Large scale industries to small-scale o Features of imperialism concentration of production and capital The merging of bank capital with industrial capital Greater distinction between export of capital and export of commodities The formation of international capitalist monopolies Territorial division- competition for hegemonic power o Kautsky- Imperialism Centers around the annexation of agrarian countries by industrial countries Monopolies in economics are compatible with non-monopolistic, non- violent, non-annexationist methods in politics BUT Ignores competition between several imperialisms & states that the sole purpose of imperialism is the predominance of the financier over the
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