1UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, Fall 2011
SOC383H1: Women Migrants, Room 1073, Sidney Smith
Lecture 4: October 7, 2010
Women at risk program - accept women who are vulnerable to abuse in camps and such to
come into a country
Canada violates human rights rule - if a person arrives on land and claims refugees, if they
do not meet the suitability criteria they would send them back. Thus suitability criteria
does not apply if a person manages to get within boarders of canada
refugee vs refugee climants
-2 meanings of refugee -1)common sense , broad "inflight" asylum seekers
Resettlement in Canada
IRB - imigration and refugee board
- all claims for protection mad within canada are recieved by a canada border
services agency immigration officer at a port of entry or at a citizenship and immigration
canada (CIC) immigration center. all claims deemed eligible by the officers are refferred to
the IRB for a hearing
- in 2007 they accepted 14 000 people, they were understaffed which meant the
28000 claims spilled over to 2008
-right now acceptance rate of climants is 35%
Who is a refugee?
-must meet UN criteria
-3 reasons why women have difficulty
1)do not usually have a refugee profile
- political activists (men are more likely to be actors in a public
form) women were more likely not to be apart of opositional political activities
- usually people in prison, tortured, seen as legitimating their claim
-women is not in prosion or tortured or if shes assulted or beatend or
killed , may be persecuted.
-focred mariages - seen as a violation of human rights may be
2) failur of state to protect less obvious
- women may be prosecuted because of their relationship to others
- women may be persecuted because they are women (state
discriminates or fails to protect)
3) gender roles may add to adjudication difficulties
-hesitant speaking downcast eyes, trauma induced coldness
-traumatic stress disorder - no emotion -works agaisnt women becuase they wont cry or show
emotion in this case, and women tend to be more emotional thus they are taken less
1) same reasons as men but persecution takes different forms depending on gender
2) being fmaile compounds risk (eg race and gender)
3) membership in particular group
What to do about women?
1994 -gender guidelines
What is “globalization” and how is it linked to the term “feminization of survival.” Do
globalization and the need for survival influence the extent to which women migrate, where
they migrate, how they migrate and why they migrate? How does globalization affect
developing economies and do such impacts affect men and women differently?
What new terms have you learned up to now? This week, you should know the meaning
of: international migration; globalization; feminization of survival, structural adjustment
Overview of today’s lecture
1- Overview of the globalization literature
2- Overview of the development literature
3- How is female migration related to a country’s level of development?
4- How is female migration related to globalization?
5- What kind of migration?
What is globalization
Definition: Increasing integration of economies around the world, particularly through
trade and financial flows. Term also may include reference to movement of people (labor)
and knowledge (technology