Class Notes (810,227)
Canada (494,007)
Sociology (3,207)
SOC101Y1 (985)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2 READINGS

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University of Toronto St. George
Paul Glavin

Lecture 2 Readings POSTINDUSTRIAL SOCIETY - social and economical changes has led to the thought that we have moved out of the industrial era into a postindustrial society - number of workers in factory was decreasing - education, health, social welfare, entertainment, finance sectors was ris- ing. - white collar workers began to out number blue collar workers. - Bell, argued that postindustrial societies would engage most workers in the production and dissemination of knowledge rather than in goods productions as in industrial capi- talism. - industrialization had brought increased productivity and higher living standards, post industrialization society would usher in an era of reduced concentration of power - this means power will not remain in the hands of a small group of individ- uals - knowledge workers (technicians, professionals, and scientists) would become a large and important class - Bell, felt that knowledge workers would become the elite of the postindustrial age. - Florida, like bell sees the shift from goods to knowledge as a crucial change - suggests there are 3 classes of creativity - creative class - super creative core - creative professionals - Robert Reich, points out that knowledge economy offers great opportunities for well- educated, creative workers INDUSTRIAL RESTRUCTURING - Joseph Schumpeter considered industrial restructuring a basic feature of capitalism - industrial restructuring involves interrelated social, economic and technological trends. - deindustrialization is a concept that refers to the declining employment due to factory closures or relocation, typically in the manufacturing industries: steel, textiles, clothing. - these industries are also known as sunset industries. GLOBALIZATION - globalization is supported by corporations and often governments, as expanding ‘free markets’ will generate economic growth and elevate living standards. - Saskia Sassen argues the mainstream accounts of globalization, ignores the role of migrant workers. INDUSTRIAL CHANGES: THE EMERGENCE OF THE SERVICE ECONOMY - primary sector - agriculture, mining, forestry. any form of raw resources extracting - secondary sector - manufacturing and construction - tertiary sector - services rather than products are provided. - a service is the exchange of a commodity that has no tangible form. SERVICE-SECTOR GROWTH - service sector has been increasing significantly, while primary shrunk. - rise of the service sector can be attributed to several factors - productivity gains due to industrialization increasing the income on average. this means more people have money to spend for services, which fueled the de- mand for services. - the demand for higher qualifications lead to expansion of educational, health sector, hen
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