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SOC101Y1 (985)
Robert Brym (148)

Research Methods cont'd

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Robert Brym

Research Methods ADGJM  two letters between each OTTFFSSENT  first letter of one to ten - Reality is not just a thing we learn, experience helps us determine how to perceive reality - Experience at childhood may influence throughout your life, even to adulthood (e.g. frequent physical abuse since young can become comforting when you grow up) How Research Filters Perception: Self  Values, Theories, Existing Research, Methods  Reality Values, Theories, Existing Research, and Methods filter how we see the world/reality - Values: makes us have favourite kinds of explanations - Methods: helps us dig up different part of reality - Perceive world more accurately by certain ways that minimize bias - Healthy tension between subjectivity (helps us determine which are worth checking) and objectivity (reality check) The Research Cycle (eight steps): 1. Figure out what matters to you 2. Formulate a testable theory (a tentative explanation of a phenomenon) a. Testable if able to testify that it’s falsifiable (e.g. existence of God not testable because can’t disprove or prove). Usually personal beliefs not able to use as theory. 3. Review existing literature a. Using knowledge we already have 4. Select method(s) 5. Collect data a. Go to archive, conduct survey 6. Treat subjects ethically a. Four main principles in Research Ethics: 1) Respect your subjects’ right to safety: i. do your subjects no harm and, in particular, give them the right to decide whether and how they can be studied 2) Respect your subjects’ right to informed consent: i. Tell subjects how the information they supply will be used and allow them to judge the degree of personal risk involved in supplying it 3) Respect your subjects’ right to privacy: i. Allow subjects the right to decide whether and how the information they supply may be revealed to the public 4) Respect your subjects’ right to confidentiality: i. Refrain from using information in a way that allows it to be traced to a particular subject 7. Analyze data a. Can reformulate theory to test to see if your hypothesis was right, and get a revised theory (going back and forth between step 2 and 7) 8. Report results a. Publicize material to allow others to inspect and criticize, and hopefully improve it Other Research Ethics: 5) Do not falsify data: i. Report findings as they are, not as you would like them to be 6) Do not plagiarize: i. Explicitly identify, credit, and reference authors when making use of their written work
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