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Lecture 3

SOC220 Lecture 3.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

SOC220 Lecture 3 10/03/2012 Industrialization and theories of inequality Trudel article: Towards the end of the article, the author makes a point Quebec’s economic social structure, although it looks like a feudal system, it is not correct to put it that way. (key differences between feudal/seigneural regime) There are rules and regulation between each group of individuals What is the Seigneural Regime? – Key components aspects Like a feudal system, where someone is running the land A tool for colonization, 3 key social groups (habitant, lords, seigneur, state/monarchy back hone) Feudal system is a downward pressure, feudal obligations “how much was owed” Historical Changes: Capitalism “Political, ideological, economical change” - Enclosure movement “political” - The introduction of an urban population who have to sell their labor - Increased demand on wool, the combining of land together to make the most out of it - Families no long had access to the pooled land, country into newly formed towns and city, the population is becoming increasingly urban - Had to come up with a new way to support themselves, had to ell their labor for money Free market “ideological” - Institutions must be established to ensure that social relations allow the economy to function - All economic decisions are guided by the free market alone - Certain social institutions must be develop to support the free market Technology - Travel, manufacturing, communication - The production of machines that will produce a large quantity of goods, advanced transportation to transport the goods, communicational technologies (the printing press) Seeking social order among instability French revolution - The bourgeois were energized by intellectual, literary and artistic purposes - They were also energize by the thought of a constitution that made their interests public - The third estate, a new economic social group - Fighting to break all the bonds of society (feudal times) y “Equality, fraternity, liberty” - Seeking rights to property – universal right and desire - Social differentiation - Social differences were highly visible Legitimation of distribution - The need for new ideology increases, but social differential is more noticeable (child labor, urban housing and sanitary conditions, working longer hours) - Massive rush on instability within society (this lend better school, right to vote, reduction in work hours) Tocqueville: Democracy in America Why is American democratic? - Unique geography - Lack of historical classes o What does democracy imply? - Right to property - No great classes o People don’t identify with a certain class in society o Did recognize people had different social positives, but individual are free to movie in between these social groups (social status is not permanent) o Believed that, next day the roles being played in society will/may change the next day What are the possible consequences of democracy? - Tyranny of the majority o The state is th
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