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Lecture 9

SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: De Facto, De Jure, Visible Minority

Course Code
Sheldon Ungar

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SOC101Y1 week 9 Caron
oThere is a significant degree of ethnic stratification in CA :“ Vertical mosaic”
Multiculturalism or vertical mosaic:
oMelting pot: individual from different background, their identity assimilate to
dominant group. Individual’s differences all melted together to form a whole. is a
metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different
elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture. It is
particularly used to describe the assimilation of immigrants to the United States. But
still retain individual difference of culture and identities, not disappear.
oMosaic pieces are organized vertically, hierarchical structure not horizontal.
oVertical Mosaic: a term used by sociologist John Porter to convey the concept that
Canada is a mosaic of different ethnic, language, regional and religious groupings
unequal in status and power.
oDissimilarity (can be different and equal) vs inequality (different and unequal) are
important in this course.
oGaps in ethnicity for both occupational differentiation and stratification reduced over
the years.
Social construction of Race
oBased on race, relationship between individual changes.
oDefinition of race is distinguished based on physical differences.
oIf we look at social status and many different aspects, there is pattern along notion of
Race matter
oRacialization: social and political processes based on physical characteristics. Eg.
individual treated differently. Eg. racial profiling : treat people based on what they
look like.
oEugenic movement: the social movement claiming to improve the genetic features of
human populations through selective breeding and sterilization,[1] based on the idea
that it is possible to distinguish between superior and inferior elements of society,[2]
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