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Lecture

lecture

5 pages45 viewsFall 2010

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
William Magee

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Measuring Crime and Deviance:
Methodological Strategies
Absolutism - 2 different meanings
Lack of consensus in minor crimes
Is Durkheim an absolutist? yes and no
Eristic
Consensus falls under absolutism
He does promote inequality
Not completely an absolutist
Epistemology study of knowledge
Crime is something government stipulates cant control/stop it
Get info from news, people, community, friends, coworkers, school
Our own observation!
Direct observation- personal experience of crime and deviance
Indirect observation heresy, friends, news,
What we know
Sets up limitations and structures
Tactics of deigns, analysis
Imp cuz it provides more systematic and limited approach
Research is not data collection only
What kind of crime matters in researching
Method matters
Your own ideas matter on how u approach the topic
Money and time matter
What structural deadline and conditions are placed
The kind of data
What shapes our methodological strategies?
Interconnected system of ideas
How we view the social world
Theories - difficult most theories arent like this
Ideology: system or set of beliefs
Sometimes based on ideology sometimes not
Ideology has all the answers religion has all the answers
Social theory contained, narrow, doesnt have all the answers
Ideologies are fixed and closed
Social theory is changing and growing... has a built in system
Social theory and scientific theory are fusibility things that can be proven wrong can always
be proven wrong
Highly partial (ideology) and social theory (neutral)
Social theory crosses social stance
Depending on the jurisdiction you commit 2 robberies and then smash a window life sentence
Depends on the policy of deter crime
Qualitative and Quantitative:
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Quantitative:
Cause, causality, different approaches, prediction and causality
The approach is deducted, you begin with a hypothesis go out test it reduce them to variable,
numbers, gender female or not female, male or not male
Experiments: in sociology? Yes
White with criminal record
Black with criminal record
White without criminal record
Black without criminal record
Experiment same resume
LEAST likely to get a call from anyone
The whites who had criminal record did better than blacks who had criminal record
There is discrimination based on race
A lot of trouble if you have a criminal record no jobs in future
Surveys:
univore focuses or listens to rap music only
3500 students analyzing results of the survey they found that rap univores tended to be
involved in more crime blacks and whites = resistance, expressive resistance, they appear
scary to the community, expressive kind of deviance
Whites and Asians tend to be more towards crime committed crime more than the blacks!
Content Analysis:
Can do content analysis qualitatively and quantitatively
Parole: early release
Probation: sentenced
Parole board lets u go, its risk analysis, parole board has tons of info abt you, when theyre abt to
give u parole they condense 100 pages of info in 2-3 pages, decision analysis, crime history, family
history, needs, psychologist, prison, coordinator said abt u, scored low, heres what youve done
with urself , family support? = = = = = pick and choose, condense into 2 pages, qualitatively and
quantitatively= choose
Social history check is huge
Males have longer extensive criminal history than females.
Secondary Analysis:
Reworking statistics
Gov statistics collected every several years , kept till years
Minors –nonviolent offenders- kept out of courts- warning only
Major go to adult courts and fairly strict rules and laws
Youth crimes stayed relatively the same over 5 years, but the charging
Time dimension:
Cross sectional small surveys done
Longitudinal measuring over time, several units, similar units at different times
Panel study- study a group of people over time Sheldon 1950s belinqueint boys were
measured- purpose who kept committed crime and why ? same group over time
Cohort study random ppl with similar characteristics measurements done overtime
Advantages and disadvantages:
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