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SOC220 Lecture 4

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University of Toronto St. George

SOC220 Lecture 4 10/10/2012 Karl Marx Cont’ Social Control - Ideas, political structure o “Of all the classes that stand face to face with the bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is really a revolutionary class” Commodity fetishism - The products of labor come to take on an existence independent of the worker/labor (natural property) - Do not associate labor with the final product, we’ve become linked together - Commodity takes life of its own, the consumerism society - Relate to each other solely as and through commodity Classless society - “Every class struggle is a political struggle” - Between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, there is a space for a classless society - Through competition and production, the bourgeoisie’s are brought together - Different spheres of capitalist society are in constant competition with each other (I.E. The Corn Law, also led to the first modern minimum wage) provides the seed of transcending capitalism Social Inequality and dynamics of organizations Max Weber - How is power distributed in a community? o New occupational groups with their own social identities/group relations o Increased literacy rates, public education is still increasing Social Realm Key associational mode How determined The Economy Class Market-situation Social order/culture Status Group Social estimation of honor Social power/the political Party Social power - Power o “The chance of a man or of a number of men to realize their will in a communal action eve against the resistance of others who are not participating in the action” - We need to look at different realms of social life Class - People who share a position in the market for the possession of goods and opportunities for income - The way that the disposition over material property is distributed creates specific life chances o Do you own property or not? o EX: your position in price wars is diminished if you own no property o EX: if you don’t have to exchange your goods, you have greater opportunity for profitable deals - We must also consider the type of property or the kind of service that can be offered on the market o These dictate one’s chance in the market, relate to others - Weber is moving past Marx, the economic realm (chart above) is not the sole dictator social honor Status groups - Determined by difference in social honor - Leads to stratification in status privileges - May be linked with class situations o Propertied and property-less can belong to the same statue group - Shared and perceived identity, characteristics that distinguish differences between each other (national, ethnic, skilled, heredity characteristics) - Certain style of life that flows, explicit rules of social intercourse … etc. o C. Wright Mills, different individuals from different castes and how they relate to each other - Working class, difference social activities, and social interactions - Status groups is a new layer that we can directly lay on top of social class Parities - Goal: acquisition of social power o Influencing a communal action o They vary according to the structure of domination within the community - Parties can be closely tied with status groups and social honor o Parties are a rational tool for class groups and status group
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