SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Vietnamese Boat People, Pakistani Canadians, Visible Minority

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13 Nov 2012
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Vietnamese in Canada
Final Test will be on December 5 (That is a Wednesday) so you need to reschedule Netlab hours
Saigon – capital city of South Vietnam (but this was taken over by the Northern Vietnam)
Saigon during the war was seen as a rest station/ major base/commercial district = important
Video: The Saddest Day April 30, 1975 the fall of Saigon
1975: the fall of the Saigon (capital of the South Vietnam captured by Northern Vietnam)
Panic efforts of local residents to leave the country ( by sea, land, and air)
Majority was by sea as the northern Viet took over the airport and on top of that no countries were willing to fly planes
into a war zone area
Refugee wave (resulted in the greatest exodus within short period of time)
Immigration waves
Two large immigration waves of Vietnamese into Canada (accepted refugees and immigrants)
Immigrants to Canada were not directly from Viet but travelled to many other Asian countries to get to Canada (went
across different countries and refugee camps in the country)
First wave: 1950s and early 1960s
Majority of these people were those who had money
Many were wealthy students
Vietnam was a colony of France before and because they knew how to speak French, many went to Quebec
Second wave: 1978-1992
Majority came in the 1990s
Called them ‘Boat people’
By the end of 1978; there were many Vietnamese spread across Canada
Ethnic Vietnamese characteristics
Professional ,bureaucratic, members of the catholic church, high academic background
Reasons for leaving:
Internal: fear of communist government and imprisonment
More amongst the rich (their possession would be taken away)
External: US trade embargo led to poor economy
Impact of war on economy: This flight from Vietnam was increased due to other wars that were started
(e.g., war with china)
War with other countries did not help economy as gov spending had to go to military funds
Help from other countries/ refugees in neighbouring countries:
Vietnamese refugees were helped by private institutions (such as churches)
Characteristics of Vietnamese Refugees
immigrants were mostly composed of:
Vietnamese Chinese and the ethnic Vietnamese
First wave of refugees were Vietnam of Chinese background
Vietnamese Chinese: Integration and identity
Many Vietnamese Chinese encountered identity issues because ethnic Vietnamese did not accept them
They identify themselves as Chinese and speak Chinese with other Vietnamese-Chinese
Their identity were preserved due to the large enclave of Viet-Chinese in Vietnam
Strong network led to the building of own schools, commercial district
At the same time these people did not feel they belong to the Chinese group as well
They felt marginalized by many ethnic groups
Refugee experience: anxiety and distress
Many were in oversea camps where they experienced terrible conditions
Large people came to a location within a very short time
Because their stay was thought to be temporary, local governments did not pay much attention
Many refugees experienced grief, depression, high anxiety due to the hardship of losing family members, and this
sudden change in life style
Refugees: Labeling
Host countries did not provide adequate care
Many were stranded at the camp they arrived until host country accepted them (so refugees did not know what was
going on, complete uncertainty of which country will take them)
Lack of exposure to western culture
Many were had not been exposed to western culture before and so: did not know the language
And many did not have skills for urban industries (cities) to be competitive for jobs/and immigrant permit
However, it has been seen that second generation of Vietnamese are able to catch up with native Canadians in various aspects
(so they are doing well)
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Document Summary

Saigon during the war was seen as a rest station/ major base/commercial district = important. Final test will be on december 5 (that is a wednesday) so you need to reschedule netlab hours. Saigon capital city of south vietnam (but this was taken over by the northern vietnam) Video: the saddest day april 30, 1975 the fall of saigon. 1975: the fall of the saigon (capital of the south vietnam captured by northern vietnam) Panic efforts of local residents to leave the country ( by sea, land, and air) Majority was by sea as the northern viet took over the airport and on top of that no countries were willing to fly planes into a war zone area. Refugee wave (resulted in the greatest exodus within short period of time) Two large immigration waves of vietnamese into canada (accepted refugees and immigrants)

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