1800 southern france – victor the wild boy. feral children
barely develop morally, limited communication, problems developing
relationships, writing and language skills can or cannot be developed
few years of socialization can make up for lost years
ability to become human is a potential, not essential
how is the potential realized, how we become humans: socialization, and
o socialization: process of learning culture and becoming aware of
yourself as you interact with others
socialization differs between classes.
o Biologically based models: huge world. Characteristics traced through
genes and evolution. Biological capacities that enable us to be the kind
of people we are.
Vocal chords- talk, thumbs, brain.
Sociobiology – law abiding, criminality, faithful to sexual
partners in genes. Behaviors. Intelligence is inherited.
DARWIN’S EVOLUTIONARY THEORY
1. The characteristics of members of each species vary widely
2. Species members with more adaptive characteristics are more likely
to survive until reproduction
3. Therefore, the species characteristics that endure are those that
increase the survival chances of the species.
Species well adapted to environment are the fittest: survival of the
fittest. These characteristics increase in the species through
Limited amount of eggs, women need men to aid in rough times, ie
Men improve genes by impregnating many mates. Increase fitness
It’s written into our genes and we are unconscious of what we’re
Can’t change a genetic characteristic by thinking it – unconscious
Too simplistic – doesn’t consider other stuff
Men are more promiscuous than females not true. Men have fewer
consequences. Look to culture, sociality, opportunities (women get
pregnant), look to these for why men have more sexual partners
o Socially based – not genetic capacities. How do society and
genetic info shaped us into the people we are
Hunger imbedded in culture, it mediates the things we desire.
How is it culture mediates how we think about food, when, how , amount, we
eat. Women have images about how they look so they deny hunger –
associate with guilt…skinny men think the more I eat the bigger I get.
Religious ideas shape what you eat Look at biology and s