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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Notes

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Lecture 6: Cities and Minorities
Routine Activity Theory: highest crime/victimization where likely offender and suitable targets converge,
also where guardians are absent. These locations are Hot Spots
Max Weber/ Chicago school of sociology
Population de nsity, both good and bad (what follows is kinda like a review of everything)
Good; institutional completeness, Weber (best social invention), Fischer (subcommunities), increase
innovation, increase economic growth
Bad; Tonnies, Wirth (less social integration and cohesion), Simmel (psychological and emotional
consequences(effects), social probl ems if not controlled by political leaders.
Tonnies Gemeinshaft/Gesellschaft
Social Disorganization in Chicago (SDT)
Social disorganization theor y (by W.I. Thomas); inability of neighbourhood to solve its problems.
Absence of social control
Hirschi (causes of delinquenc y); variations in social bonding. Social Bonding Theory.
Shaw/McKay(Response/individuals/situations); delinquency: normal response by normal individuals to
abnormal conditions (poverty, unemployement). Key finding; location NOT personality produces
delinquency (same deal as Individual effects and neighbourhood effects)
Skid Row; (the most disorganized locale) found in every city, isolated transient ppl w/ no strong personal
networks, money, jobs.
Wirth (the urban way of life)
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