Class Notes (836,373)
Canada (509,758)
Sociology (3,253)
SOC102H1 (261)
Teppermann (78)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Cities and Minorities.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document


Lecture 6: Cities and Minorities: The case of gays and lesbians Info on first nations not in lecture (?) in portal  Social Differentiation o Belief that difference between hetero and homosexuals  Entire subcultures with via institutional completeness, what places to go/not go (gay friendly/hostile)  Christopher Skinner o Unclear whether his murder was a hate crime  The number problem o Women minority group in that they are disadvantaged, overpowered o Gay and lesbian population very small (1-2% of total population) o group that is subject to ridicule is v. small making victimization easier  Implication o Group needs to develop strong protective strategies STRATEGIES OF RESISTANCE  The protective role of cities o Debate over whether cities are good/bad (said to be full of criminal behaviour, full of strangers) o Why would homosexuals situate themselves in believed-to-be “dangerous” cities  Debates flourish about numbers o Residential segregation of gays in cities  a “gay/lesbian” area o People sort themselves geographically based on sexual orientation  The problem they face: homophobia o Conventionally defined as fear/hatred of homosexuals o Implies anti-gay prejudice is irrational feeling based on fear and consequently a defense mechanism o Opposition against gays and lesbians is not a phobia, but a learned subcultural attitude o It is ANTI-GAY PREJUDICE  like all prejudices it is learned  Beliefs supporting hostility to homosexuality o Starts with notion that homosexuality is extremely important (whether someone is homosexual or not tells you a lot about them, their lives)  INCORRECT ASSUMPTION  Three aspects of homophobia o Heterosexism  Something unnatural, perverse about homosexuality o Sexual stigma  Treatment that they’re unworthy to be treated the same o Sexual prejudice  Once assessment is made that someone is gay: “That guy’s gotta go”  Four causes of homophobia o Lack of openness to human diversity o Lack of openness to sexual diversity  Lack of knowledge of different ways, liking different things related to sex o Lack of familiarity with homosexuals o Membership in a homophobic culture  One homophobic culture is the JOCK culture  Hostile to gays and women  tend to go together Authoritarian Personality Scale (NOT ON SLIDESHOW)  Jewish researches lead by Adorno following WWII asked “Could Nazism have happened in the US” o Created a scale that showed political tendencies  Showed correlation with racism and anti-Semitism; tended to be superstitious, emotionally closed, politically conservative  They hated EVERY kind of minority  Any behaviour falling out of a certain norm must be ELIMINATED  In relation to gays, homophobia occurs in narrow people who don’t know much of the world o Lack knowledge of sexual diversity  different ways, liking different things o Lack of ope  1. The role of sexual diversity o Understood different ideas and practices just as there is in different realms of life  3. Familiarity with homosexuals o They don’t know people who are homosexuals o Exposure, contact with other kinds of people reduces likelihood of prejudice and exclusion o Fundamentalist religions tend to be homophobic cultures (ex. Islam, Pakistan, mormon)  New ways of thinking about sexuality o Embarrassing, even illegal, in some places to be gay o Alfred Kinsey  There is not a sharp distinction between hetero and homosexuality  It is a continuous, not discrete  Over a period of lifetime, people take on different preferences o Less stigma attached to lesbians than to gays  How communities grew o WWII brought together large numbers of men o MARX: growth of class consciousness  Bringing people together to share experiences  not just the only gay in town (token gay) anymore  whole bunch of gays in the same small space o Information of homosexuality spread in print media: Attracted isolated individuals to growing gay communities in NY and SF  The role of the women’s movement, birth control o With the empowerment of women and ability of women to take control of their own body via. birth control, sex became removed from realm of procreate  No longer need to procreate if you have sex  don’t need to worry about having babies by having sex o If it makes sense for heterosexuality, then it should make sense for homosexuality  If you don’t need to procreate, sex SIMPLY becomes sex  Victimization in cities  Victimization and inequality  Victimology o Self-identifying as homosexual, having activity limitation/ physical handicap/ identify as an Aboriginal person, puts you at a higher risk of violent victimization  Routine activit
More Less

Related notes for SOC102H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.