SOC102H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Cultural Capital, Upper Class, Class Conflict

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Published on 5 Oct 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC102H1
Professor
SOC102 LEC #4: Class Inequality and Exploitation
- Class and equality differences
- Importance of economic wealth to power
- Different ethnic groups are having a hard time to move up the structure
- Inequality is a source of bad health
- Marx – organization of work
- How valid Marx class and analysis…?
- Class culture is hard to discern
- No physiological discern on class culture but gender
- Invention of culture of ___ and culture of poverty
- Difficult to make someone introduce the idea of their membership to a social class (make
them aware)
- Hard to recognize that they share same goals and same interest
- Class differentiation is complex than any other groups
- Marx’s meaning of exploitation
- How classes differentiate?
- Class is created by economic relationships (have and have not)
- Display on consumer (e.g.: fashion)
- People perform gender and class through dress
- 2 sociologists: Veblen and Bourdieu
- Veblen interested in upper class (How they live?)
- Might be a way of performing a class… as others cannot
- Have someone higher to serve you – shows power and authority
- Bourdieu generalized and talked about cultural capital
- Cultural capital gives the title on who gets the head and so forth
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- Credential, learn how to dress (upper-class way)
- Cultural capital – gives life’s chances
- Reason why class remain that way
- Middle class – not falling possible rising
- Upper class define the person’s taste… reason why they have taste
- No culture capital if you don’t know what is elegant or poor
- Working class has to sell working labor for survival
- Even number VS. Odd number of classes
- 3 classes: high, mid, low… according to Orwell – communist (point view on Marx)
- Marked by class struggle
- Have not VS. Have
- Social construction has force and power
- Einstein: expenditure of wealth and power
- Preserve by force
- Aristotle
- Class – contested terrain people of morality, taste…
- Culture poverty
- Why people live that way?
- Why poverty exists? Fault by?
- Oscar Lewis – the problem is lack of class consciousness
- How should it be resolved? (Class conflict)
- Capitalist society – there must be exploitation (poor = poor)
- Capitalist want them to have less
- To solve: working class will have to work with the capitalist
- Marx and Engles argued that system will not equalize on his own… exploitation will
increase (big gap between wealthy and poor)
- How can working class change? Revolution?
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Document Summary

Invention of culture of ___ and culture of poverty. Different ethnic groups are having a hard time to move up the structure. No physiological discern on class culture but gender. Difficult to make someone introduce the idea of their membership to a social class (make them aware) Hard to recognize that they share same goals and same interest. Class differentiation is complex than any other groups. Class is created by economic relationships (have and have not) Veblen interested in upper class (how they live?) Might be a way of performing a class as others cannot. Have someone higher to serve you shows power and authority. Bourdieu generalized and talked about cultural capital. Cultural capital gives the title on who gets the head and so forth. 3 classes: high, mid, low according to orwell communist (point view on marx) Credential, learn how to dress (upper-class way) Middle class not falling possible rising.