Objective and subjective elements: objective elements: the measurable features of a negative social condition. Subjective elements: people"s evaluations of objective conditions and the processes that influence their evaluation. Claim-making a process by which people try to capture attention and mobilize public opinion around particular problems and their solutions. Subjectivist or constructionist approach: to determine the reasons why few people consider youth homelessness a major social issue, despite the efforts by some to raie public awareness about this issue. Social problems research as a moral enterprise: moderizaiton itself carries heavy cost for the natural environment. Sociological reserach on social problems is guided by seven value preferences life over death. 1: health over sickness, knowing over not knowing, cooperation over conflict. Social group: a set of people defined by formal or informal criteria of membership, who feel unified or are bound together in stable patterns of interaction.