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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 Notes.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Lorne Tepperman

Lecture 9 Crime and Violence Text Social Problems Chapter 7 Victimization can be traumatic o Can cause people to withdraw from normal lifeFear of crime reduces a communitys vitality and cohesion o Hinder out ability to carry out basic social activitiesMen are more likely than women to be involved in violent crimes o Different socialization provides the best explanation for this patternSome argue criminal behaviour is a result of rational calculation that takes into account the profitability and risk of a crimeOthers argue that crime results whenever groups have unequal power and influences o In short crime increases when social inequality increasesPrisons cause as many problems as they solvethey teach crime and harden criminalsCrimes result in moral panicmass media public safety organizations and public o Creates unintended problems and a distorted public debate about the nature and extent of crimeStages of moral panic o Concerngrowing awareness that the behaviour of the group or category in question is likely to have a negative impact on society o HostilityAn increasing hostility towards the group in question and clearer division between forming between them and us as the group comes to be viewed as folk devils o ConsensusA general acceptance develops that the group in question poses a real threat to society o Disproportionalityan action or set of actions is taken or urged that is disproportionate to the threat actually posed by the accused groupDEFINING CRIME LAWS AND SOCIAL ORDER Laws Rules of conduct that may provide for the punishment of violators In other words the formal rules about what a societys members can and cannot doCrime Any behaviour that in a given time and place it prohibited by applicable statutory law When a law is violated a crime is said to have been committed o Regularity of enforcement and harshness of punishment reflects how seriously a society takes the offending behaviourSocial Order The prevalence of generally harmonious relationships used synonymously with social organization This condition exists when rules are obeyed and social situations are controlled and predictable
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