SOC102H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Symbolic Interactionism, Racialization

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11 Apr 2012
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SOC102 September 20, 2011
Lecture 2: Racialization: Race and Ethnic Relations
Text: Social Problems, Chapter 3 & Sense of Sociability, Chapter 5
RACE
Is race a social construction?
Race influences social order and inequality as long as people continue to believe it makes a difference
ETHNICITY
Ethnic groups are easily thought of as created by social interactions
We create ethnic groups relationally (common language, folklore, rituals)
Culture: the way of life of a society that includes dress, language, norms of behavior, foods, tools,
beliefs, and folklore. This framework of values and practices adapts to the changing socio-historical
context
Ethnic identification tends to thrive when members are socially isolated
MULTICULTURALISM IN CANADA
Immigrants constitute a large fraction of Canada’s population
Canada’s Multicultural Policy
Introduced and supported in 1971 after stormy relations between English and French speakers in
Canada
Proposed that bilingual framework affirmed English and French as official languages, also
declared ethnic pluralism as a goal worth pursuing
1982 Section 27 of the Constitution Act desire to preserve and enhance the multicultural
heritage of Canadians
1988 Multiculturalism Act became law
Traditional multiculturalism: concerned with protecting the rights of individuals, minority peoples,
through provincial human rights codes
Modern multiculturalism: concerned with the survival of diverse cultural groups
Employment equity: gives preference to members of the specifically protected groups (females,
minorities, disabled)
VERTICAL MOSAIC
Coined by John Porter, a socio-economic hierarchy in which French and English Canadians live at the
top, and other ethnic minorities are positioned below
Children and grandchildren were unable to move up the hierarchy due to inaccessible upward
mechanisms (schools)
Entrance Status: the occupational status a group enters when it first arrives
Vertical mosaic left a stable base of labourers on which the English and French could ‘perch’
Chain Migration into the Mosaic
Chain Migration: the successful migration of one family member creates a chain for the kin and
community network. Migration is not random but is increasingly about networks, rational choices, and
kinship relations
Institutional Completeness
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