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SOC102H1 (261)


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University of Toronto St. George

Sexualities/ Cities, Urbanization-Lec 6  Victimology is like sociological study of victims of crime  Characteristics associate with an increased risk of violent victimization in 2009 included: self-identifying as homosexual having some form of activity limitation of physical handicap identifying as an aboriginal person  Victimization of Aboriginals violent incidents were much more likely to be committed against younger Aboriginal ppl than they were against older counterparts aboriginal ppl r also much more likely to victims of homicide than non-aboriginal ppl these high rates of victimization reflect the dangerous places many aboriginal ppl live  Hot spots and young ppl places where the risk of crime is highest due to increased convergence of suitable targets and likely offenders ex: clubs and workplaces, schools(bullying),  Nearly1/5 of all incidents of violent victimization occurred in the workplace  Even in gr 9 45% of boys and 32 % of girls reported having been bullied  Poverty, unemployment, crowding and youth are all associated with crime and victimization in the general pop as well as among aboriginals  Canada consistently ranked at/ or below the middle of the international group  In 4% of all incidents victims believed the act was hate-motivated  Sociologists have been studying the geographic location of risks since the 1920s  Max weber was the first sociologist to study the roles of cities in social life interested in cities as a historical phenomenon  It was Chicago school of sociology that first produced a maker body of sociological work about cities in north America  In the typical city, different activities are concentrated in different areas, by income and lifestyle choices.  Pop density-a characteristic feature of cities- can b a problem but can also be a benefit since it increases institutional completeness and social resources  Chicago is famous for “concentric ring theory” determined to show that every city has the same pattern of settlement Concentric ring consists of: 1.downtwn, 2.zone of transition(area of which there is a lot of ppl coming in and out and most are poor ppl) 3. zone of working 4.  residential zone 5. commuters zone (very rich ppl) ^^apparently every American city has this kind of pattern  Social disorganization in Chicago between 1860 and 1910 chicago had grown from a pop of 10,000 to over 2 million, mainly through an influx of immigrants this was associated with a growth of crime, poverty, illness, homelessness, poor housing conditions and bad working conditions sociologists developed what came to be known as social disorganization theory  Durkiem found that: Industrialization rose up number of suicides Protestants killed themselves more than Catholics Single and divorced ppl are more likely to kill themselves  Chicago sociologists found: Certain parts of city have less social control and connectedness where u have the high rates
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