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SOC102H1 (261)
Lecture 4

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Lecture 4- racial and ethnic inequalities  Marx + weber doesn’t think that race and ethnic inequalities r that important  Genocides, wars, etc. occur becuz of race and ethnic conflicts  Problems with stereotypes it over simplifies reality all blacks are bad or all blacks are good  Stereostypes is a form of over-generalization that makes bad predictions about how particular ppl will behave  We shudnt banish stereotypes but understand them  Melting pot it tries to assimilate everyone to a certain identity America tries to make everyone an American cnda is opposite it promotes multiculturalism  A race of is a set of ppl with physical or genetic characteristics that are deemed to produce identifiable difference in appearance visibly identifiable  Ethnic group is a set of people who consider themselves to share common characteristic that distinguish them from other groups in a society not visibly identifiable members of an ethnic group mainly share cultural characteristics ex: religion, occupation, language and politics  Marx believed that the capitalists class used ethnic difference undermining unity in the working class  Durkiem argues that industrialism is precisely going to require a new form of org which will not make room for “my group is better than ur group” type of thing  Ethnic groupppl who share a common interest ppl who are a long way from home they move from their home to a new country minorities they left the country where they were known to a place where they aren’t known  A factor influencing the ethnic group is the rate of mov. In and out of the group thru birth death migration and out-marriage  Chain migrationdetermines certain national patterns of who go where a process in which one family member successfully migrates to an area and then other family members and even acquaintances slowly immigrate to join them  Policy of multiculturalism that it underlines assimilation  Ethnic community is a group of ppl who share the same ethnic backgrounds often in a defined geographic location  Membership means adopting shared norms and associating mainly with other group members  Often communication with non-members is limited to a few areas of common understanding  Herodotus conducted that shared group sentiments what he called a “collective consciousness” was the primary source of personal social identities collective consciousness was based on blood and kinship also based on rituals and ritual objects called “totems”  In tribal rites, anything could serve as the basis for group solidarity; a bird, animal rock  Durkiem father of functionalism if everyone believes something thats fine becuz the point of relation and culture is to get everyone to share the same thing and do the same thing ex: if everyone wanted to worship a tree its fine that’s not bad  Doesn’t matter the meaning of anything like a Christmas tree but that fact that everyone is doing it  Weber noted that ethnic groups practice closure (exclusion) and usurpation (capture)to maintain themselves  The formation of ethnic consciousness and class-consciousness are similar  Ethno-cultural traditions 1 gained their current importance in 18 + 19 cent Europe  Imperial conquest and colonization encouraged distinction between Europeans and non Europeans  Benedict Anderson coined the term “imagined communities” to describe ppl who group together around a common history and culture  Durkiemignore traditional ethnic differences and highlight personal educational and occupational tradition  Institutional completeness  a set of institution (for ex: stores, school, churches and newspaper)that help ppl maintain their traditional culture social connections, language and religious beliefs ex: Portuguese community has Portuguese everything like doctors, plumbers, teachers, newspapers, corner stores etc –this is institutional completeness some communities are stronger than other and some are weaker  W.I.Thomashe called an end to gender inequality acknowledging the superior endurance of women  Thomas book “the polish peasant in Europe and America studies social life of the peasant and th social economic disorg, that occurs in the early 20 cen they found polish immigrant families experience a significant disruption to traditional patriarchal relations.  First victim of migration is the family (the older ppl) parents r coming to rely on kids and dominance are tossed around kids are more educational, have more opportunities, they meet ppl at school etc.  Jean potterBook: Vertical Mosaic he reports “status inequalities” in the patterns of employment that separate immigrants from non-immigrants and WASPs from non WASPs he says Canada has never been a melting pot but instead a Mosaic Mosaic is a picture created by small tiles when u look at it it looks like a perfect picture but if u look closer u see the differences (that’s like cnda becuz we are so multicultural)  The Canadian elites were mainly ppl with a WASP(White anglo-saxon protestant) background, through a few elites have a French background  If we want ot have cnda b a flourishing nd successful and be strong in completion with other countries we have to make try to break down the traditions an
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