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Socio Lec 10.docx

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Socio Lec 10-March 29  Social inequality has consequences for both crime and punishment  More crime in society=more punishment and vice versa  Crime is any action that breaks rules or law to which legitimate punishments which requires the intervention of the state  Funnel process many crimes go unreported no investigation not enough arrests many arrests leading to no trial many trials leading to no conviction  According to criminologists, crimes by the rich and powerful contribute sig to the rate of hidden crime  Crimes of rich ppl are hidden crimes of poor ppl are exposed the investigation, arrests, trials etc depends on class and wealth  Sociologists ask 3 ? why do ppl commit crime why do lawmakers define certain activities bad? why r some kind of ppl more likely to commit crime compared to others  Poor ppl/minorities are most likely to undertake what Merton calls innovative adaptations to anomie  Merton was a functionalist  However mertons theory doesn’t explain 1. Why only some poor young ppl respond to anomie by committing crimes 2. Y poor young ppl r more likely to commit crimes in north America 4. Cries that r not aimed at acquisition but rather at mere survival  Mean streets; classic study of the criminal behaviour of street youth in t.o  Street kids problems often begin at home with parental abuse and neglect often in impoverished neighbourhoods  A low income makes adults inconsistent parents and increases likelihood of fam violence  Lacking social and economic capital street youth develop criminal capital to survive  Criminal capital=knowledge and technical skills that promote criminal activity as well as beliefs or defs that legitimize offending  Crime is a usual or understandable adaptation by normal ppl dealing with abnormal or impossible situations or unequal opportunities to achieve their goals  Crime is often also the result of deviant learning under conditions of deprivation  White collar Sutherland explores the illegal activities of US corporations Sutherland examined court records of 70 corporations prosecuted over the course of 45 yrs the executives of law breaking corporations often expressed contempt for the law for government and for gov personnel Sutherland studied the crime of the rich  In a capitalists society there is a mentality of get what u need and want w.o getting caught- that is the capitalists way of thinking  Crime by poor is very known  Compared to white corporate executives poor and minority group ppl r much more likely to be caught and labelled as “deviant” ex: proportionally more Aboriginal men than white men will be found in jail  By def punishment must have the following features: unpleasant result from an offence imposed after a formal process of fact-gathering, detection, arrests and trial punished person must be the offender punishment must occur in this world no in afterlife  One of the oldest goals of punishment is retribution or vengeance nd 2 common goal of punishment is deterrence: dissuading ppl from committing crimes by showing the undesired results ppl cheat on their exams and then get in trouble makes others not want to cheat  If u wanna punish ppl
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