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Lecture 6

Lecture 6

6 pages47 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC102H1
Professor
Teppermann
Lecture
6

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Lecture 6
Victimization in Cities?
- organization of space and how it is related to victimization.
- Cities, we will see, are places of frequent victimization.
- For homosexuals, cities may represent safety.
- initially cities were considered unsafe, now they are considered safer for
minority groups.
Victimology
- sociological study of victims of crime.
- typically, victimization is greatest among the disadvantaged.
characteristics associated w/ an increased risk of violent victimization in 2009
included:
- self-identifying as homosexual
- having some form of activity limitation or physical handicap
- identifying as an Aboriginal person.
The Victimization of Aboriginals
- violent incidents were much more likely to be committed against younger
Aboriginal people than they were against older counterparts.
- Aboriginal people are also much more likely to be victims of homicide than non-
Aboriginal people.
- these high rates of victimization reflect the dangerous places many Aboriginal
people live.
- minority communities get lots of press.
Routine Ativities Theory
- police-reported crime rates in the territories were substantially higher than rates
……..
Hot Spots and Young People
- "Hot spots" are places where the risk of crime is highest due to increased
convergence of suitable targets and likely offenders.
- other factors also influence the high rate of victimization among Aboriginals
(and others).
- For example, note that the Aboriginal population is young compared to the rest
of Canada
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Places of Victimization
- poverty, unemployment, crowding, and youth are all associated with crime and
victimization in the general population, as well as among Aboriginals.
- Workplaces are also hot spots of victimization.
- Nearly one-fifth of all incidents of violent victimization occurred in the victims
workplace.
- certain kinds of people live in certain places .
- disadvantaged people get less protection than others.
Schools and Bullying
- schools can also be hot spots for victimization.
- even in grade nine, 45% of boys and 32% of girls report having been bullied in
the previous two months.
- Canada, compared very poorly with many other countries for which data are
available.
Hate-motivated Victimization
- Canada consistently ranked at or below the middle of the international group.
- As we have seen, the risks and dangers of victimization vary with location
- However, location aside, some people are more likely than others to be
victimized.
- In 4% of all incidents, victims believed the act was hate-motivated.
The Location of Risks
- as mentioned, Canadians who self-identified as being Aboriginal were three
times as likely as the non-Aboriginal population to report being victims of violent
victimization
- experiences of victimization left a long-term mark.
- Sociologists have been studying the geographic location of risks since the
1920s.
- distribution of events does not seem random.
- certain clusters.
- early sociologists looked for clusters and then would try to find out
characteristics of the locations of clusters.
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