Class Notes (923,128)
CA (543,101)
UTSG (45,887)
SOC (3,354)
SOC102H1 (261)
Teppermann (78)
Lecture 9

Lecture 9

7 Pages
92 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC102H1
Professor
Teppermann

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Lecture 9: crime and punishment
-We spent a lot of time talking about inequalities one of the points is that inequalities work the same
kinds of ways for different kinds gender, race, class, age etc same methods of imposing inequalities
and the same strategies used by subordinates to resist
-Inequality has huge costs for society health impacts are very important consequence of inequality
illness and death are shaped by their position in the class structure
-Crime is inescapable and its made inevitably worse by inequality second order thing is that the more
crime you have, the more punishment youll have, which means more crime .. .reciprocal relationship
-There is a drama in every society around crime and punishment that reflects the problem of inequality
-When societies punish people, they make a decision society punishes in different ways capital
punishment some countries enforce it a lot while some dont do it at all china highest, Canada none(
abolished) human development index countries that rank high dont use capital punishment ... US
is locked in a drama in crime and punishments that is a consequence of its history in racial and class
inequalities
-Capital punishment is a very primitive form of punishment
-Crime is committed by people who are in situations different from us .. not by people who think different
its a logical extension of normal situation of life
Quotes:
- Marcus aurelius poverty is the mother of crime
-Aristotle poverty is the parent of revolution and crime 3 most consequences of inequality: sickness,
crime and war and destruction
- “crime is a logical extension of sort of behaviour that is often considered perfectly acceptable in corporate
business white collar crimes
- “all punishment is mischief, in itself evil. we are lead to believe punishment is carried out by moral
guardians of society
- “capital punishment is as wrong a punishment for crime as charity is for poverty
-Inequality influences crime and punishment the more unequal a society, the more often the crime, and
more extreme the punishment it also reflects a more severe mindset on how you regulate peoples
behaviour
-Repressive justice vs restitutive justice
www.notesolution.com
-Crime is any action that breaks the rules orlaw to which legitimate punishments or sanctions are
attached, and which requires the intervention of the state ***
-Law is a written legislation that needs to be enforced violation of a law will result in a punishment ..
part of the written rule
-We dont actually know much about crime most crimes are not brought to light processed by an
enforcement agency job is to ensure that laws are enforced and to ensure that law breakers are
brought to justice and punished costly to make the criminal justice system work
-Funnel process many crimes go unreported many reported crimes go uninvestigated many
investigations making no arrest many arrests leading to no trial (prosecutor decides evidence not
strong enough, etc), many trials not leading to conviction (judges or jury not persuaded, etc) hidden
crimes are not common
-Not only evidentiary impediments, there are also organisational impediments to punishments
-By the time you get down to records of convictions, its a very pale reflection on the actual amount of rule-
breaking that goes on in society almost as though no one goes to jail!
-According to some criminologists, crimes by the rich and powerful contribute significantly to the
rate of hidden crime the outcome of the justice process is driven by class inequality
-Sociologists ask 3 main questions:
-1. Why do people commit crime and how are these related to inequality
-2. Why do lawmakers define certain kinds of activities as bad, immoral, criminal or deviant? (sociology of
law) there is no crime if there is no law to break we have to understand how societies vary in the
kinds of laws they make
-3. Why are some kinds of people more likely than others to be labelled and punished as deviant? ***
-Poor people and minorities are most likely to undertake what Merton calls innovative adaptations to
anomie Merton wanted to explain the survival of the US functionalist was faced with realities
like theres a lot of crime in the US that leads to the hypothesis that crime serves some function in
society theres a fundamental irrationality in the organisation of capitalist societies everyone is
motivated to try to grab the big prize everybody is taught that the purpse of the good life is to win .. on
the other hand, not everyone has the same chance of winning some more likely than others to be able
to use the available means to win in American or any capitalist society, the vast majojrity of people
lose .. how does such a society survive? So crime is one of several adaptation of this problem the system
produces a gigantic amount of losers how come that doesnt result in a revolution? People adapt to
deal with that reality, that leads to crime if you cant win following the rules, you have to make
different rules
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture 9: crime and punishment - We spent a lot of time talking about inequalities one of the points is that inequalities work the same kinds of ways for different kinds gender, race, class, age etc same methods of imposing inequalities and the same strategies used by subordinates to resist - Inequality has huge costs for society health impacts are very important consequence of inequality illness and death are shaped by their position in the class structure - Crime is inescapable and its made inevitably worse by inequality second order thing is that the more crime you have, the more punishment youll have, which means more crime .. .reciprocal relationship - There is a drama in every society around crime and punishment that reflects the problem of inequality - When societies punish people, they make a decision society punishes in different ways capital punishment some countries enforce it a lot while some dont do it at all china highest, Canada none( abolished) human development index countries that rank high dont use capital punishment ... US is locked in a drama in crime and punishments that is a consequence of its history in racial and class inequalities - Capital punishment is a very primitive form of punishment - Crime is committed by people who are in situations different from us .. not by people who think different its a logical extension of normal situation of life Quotes: - Marcus aurelius poverty is the mother of crime - Aristotle poverty is the parent of revolution and crime 3 most consequences of inequality: sickness, crime and war and destruction - crime is a logical extension of sort of behaviour that is often considered perfectly acceptable in corporate business white collar crimes - all punishment is mischief, in itself evil. we are lead to believe punishment is carried out by moral guardians of society - capital punishment is as wrong a punishment for crime as charity is for poverty - Inequality influences crime and punishment the more unequal a society, the more often the crime, and more extreme the punishment it also reflects a more severe mindset on how you regulate peoples behaviour - Repressive justice vs restitutive justice www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit