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SOC102H1 (261)
Lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC102H1
Professor
Lorne Tepperman
Semester
Fall

Description
**new course coordinator** Lecture 3 – gender inequalities  Gender selection is illegal in Canada but, couples can get around this by going to the USA  Preferred gender for most Caucasian people seek a girl  Women used to be the second sex but now: are women equal to or better than men?  Women were not admitted in north america uni until late 19 century  Women more numerous than men in uni programs now Disappearance of male jobs  Many jobs men used to do have been replaced by machines or moved overseas  Primary industry employs few and secondary is on the decline  Tertiary is booming and female friendly  Both men and women are being driven downwards by ‘lousy jobs’ Habits on inequalities theory  All societies have social inequalities which are socially constructed  Collectively imagined on basis of supposedly different attribute (gender)  Societies vary in degree and kinds of social inequality they display  Societies with wide and most extreme are most likely to display clear and long lasting patterns…. HABITS OF INEQUALITIES Sex versus gender  Difference between sex and gender  Sex- biological characteristics (male/female)  Gender- social expectations (masculine/feminine)  Social construction- makes sexual diff seem large/small, important/ unimportant  In our society we are all forced to be the gender our sex implies Narrative of blame: why women fail in business  Men tend to believe women are not serious about work  More concerned with family.  This is supposedly why women don’t climb corporate ladder  Research finds that this is untrue  Why women leave businesses: not valued, excluded, male dominant environment, lack of opportunity, work/life stress  Men think women can’t handle it … only 6% of women leave because it was too demanding  Men think women lack self confidence… this is b/c women will ask more opinions Role of gender intelligence  Women exec think men exclude them  Men only seem more exclusionary… men don’t think of situations in the level of detail women do  Gender inequalities have dropped in workplaces  Wage gap often remains between men and women Women lack opportunity  Study claims when women fail to get ahead its because women lack opportunity  Women are timid at work because they have less opportunity for promotion so they are forced to act like women  All corporate women (execs, secretaries, wives) are relatively powerless  People in numerical minority often feel restricted in what they can do  Some organizations in the 50-70 hire women to promote to execs as a “token women”  This wont work because they will be under microscope you need many women to make it normal The feminization and proletarianization of work  Men and women with same education and job expect to be paid equally  However many women find their credentials devalued and women are still being educated largely for female-dominated professions  Proletarianization is bein
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