CHAPTER 8 S. Problems – ADDICTION (MECH1T5)
Addiction: Socially disapproved behavior that is uncontrollable, repetitious and possibly
- A person answering ‘yes’ to questions in three or more categories meets the medical
definition of addiction.
- What are the social effects of addiction?
- What is important is recognizing of the social causes of addiction.
- CPGI is a scale developed to measure problem or addictive gambling.
- CPGI focuses more on the financial and social outcomes
- Gambling has become a public health issue.
o It has social causes and health outcomes
- Features that contribute to gambling problems
o Game features (slot machines)
o Advertisement and mass media that make gambling seem normal and fun.
o Growing availability of gambling.
- Howard Becker
o Labelling Theory: The process of defining and treating others as deviant.
Explores the effects of negative labels on individuals
o Key point: we must pay as much attention to the rule enforcer as we do to the rule
Why do we label such behavior as deviant?
o Psychological approach: focus on the thinking and behavior of individuals
without considering their social environment.
- Society define drugs less on its chemical properties and more on surrounding economic,
social and political factors.
o Objective aspect
Relies on physical, mental or social evidence that the use of a drug harms
the individual and society.
Tolerance to the drug increases after repeated use.
- Factors that reduce drug use and abuse:
o Strong family bonds (except marijuana)
o Strong religious commitment
o A normative boundary that separate drug users o A more complex job.
- Factors that increase
o Marriage and parenthood
o Friends and family who are users
o Parental abuse.
o Less complex job.
- Process which behavior which was formerly known as deviant, are now known