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Stigmatization Social Problems CHAP 8 addiction.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

CHAPTER 8 S. Problems – ADDICTION (MECH1T5) Addiction: Socially disapproved behavior that is uncontrollable, repetitious and possibly harmful. - A person answering ‘yes’ to questions in three or more categories meets the medical definition of addiction. - What are the social effects of addiction? - What is important is recognizing of the social causes of addiction. Gambling - CPGI is a scale developed to measure problem or addictive gambling. - CPGI focuses more on the financial and social outcomes - Gambling has become a public health issue. o It has social causes and health outcomes - Features that contribute to gambling problems o Game features (slot machines) o Advertisement and mass media that make gambling seem normal and fun. o Growing availability of gambling. - Howard Becker o Labelling Theory: The process of defining and treating others as deviant.  Explores the effects of negative labels on individuals o Key point: we must pay as much attention to the rule enforcer as we do to the rule violator.  Why do we label such behavior as deviant? o Psychological approach: focus on the thinking and behavior of individuals without considering their social environment. DRUG - Society define drugs less on its chemical properties and more on surrounding economic, social and political factors. - Abuse: o Objective aspect  Relies on physical, mental or social evidence that the use of a drug harms the individual and society.  Drug dependency  Tolerance to the drug increases after repeated use. - Factors that reduce drug use and abuse: o Strong family bonds (except marijuana) o Strong religious commitment o A normative boundary that separate drug users o A more complex job. - Factors that increase o Marriage and parenthood o Friends and family who are users o Parental abuse. o Less complex job. Medicalization - Process which behavior which was formerly known as deviant, are now known
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