Class Notes (838,950)
Canada (511,158)
Sociology (3,264)
SOC103H1 (132)
Adam Green (20)


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Adam Green

Topic 4 J Families (Week 4 Lecture + NS Chp 10 + SIQ Chp 18-19) z A family is: -- constituted by source of contention; -- important agent of socialization; -- leading role in shaping the habitus z Nuclear Family VS Traditional Nuclear Family -- Nuclear Family: -- composed of a cohabiting man and woman; -- socially approved sexual relationship -- have at least one child. -- Traditional Nuclear Family: -- On top of a nuclear family, the wife performs free domestic labor while the husband works outside for money. -- Based on a gendered division of labor. -- This form of family is in decline. z Traditional nuclear family is criticized by sociologists as heteronormativity: a set of interrelated ideas about the traditional nuclear family: 1) heterosexuality is normal and superior to homosexuality; 2) heterosexual monogamous marriage is normal and superior than any other form of marriage; 3) women[s natural roles are to bear children and do free domestic labor; men[s natural roles are to provide for and protect his family z 1940s -50s: -- Traditional Nuclear Family is the ^ideal_ type of family; -- working women are total disaster; stay-home mom is more socially accepted; -- e.g. 1950s High School Home Economics Textbook teaching girls how to be wives: ^prepare yourself before his arrival; a warm 3-course meal is what he is needed;..his boring day needs a lift;;eliminate all noises before his arrival;warm smile;.be happy to see him;.prepare the children;._ ^don[t greet him at the door;don[t complain if he is late for dinner;.. arrange his pillow and take off his shoe;soothing and pleasant voice;.make the evening his;try understand his pressure;the goal is to make your place peace and clean and your husband can relax;._ z Growing Diversity of Canadian Families (from 1981 - 2006) 1) non-marriage population increases from 16.9% to 31.3%; 2) nuclear family (traditional) decreases from more than half to about one third z Functionalists argue five functions about family: 1) Sexual regulation -- define and set boundary legitimate sex; -- make life orderly; prescribe sex regarding to when, where, with whom; 2) Economic cooperation -- men are stronger; specialize in lumbering, land clearing, mining, hunt, trade; -- women are physically weaker; specialize in lighter tasks that are closer to home: gathering food, making and preparing clothes, caring children. -- labor division and trade result in more goods to be consumed; the family is better off. 3) Reproduction -- children are investment of the future; -- children are of economic value to the family (do chore) 4) Socialization -- teaching children languages, religions etc.
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