Class Notes (839,559)
Canada (511,394)
Sociology (3,266)
SOC103H1 (132)
Adam Green (20)
Lecture

Gender and Sexualities

4 Pages
146 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC103H1
Professor
Adam Green

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Topic 5 J Gender & Sexualities (Week 5 lecture + NS Chp 4 + SIQ Chp 27) z Instincts: Animals VS humans -- Animals have stronger instincts: more instincts to eat; to protect offspring; -- Humans, however, do not have as strong instincts as animals; -- human behaviors are much more complex and socially constructed Q: If human sexual & social life is not determined by instinct, what then determines it? A: Culture. z Culture (Berger and Buckman 1966): -- humans have ^underdeveloped instincts_; ---- culture is the sum of socially transmitted ideas, practices, and material objects that people create; -- culture gives us guidelines for how to think and act; -- culture is the symbolic system to compensate our lack of instincts; -- A society exists when people interact and share culture, generally in a geographically delimited area; -- Our own culture is hard for us to see; aspects of culture that we are blind about; -- there need to be factors outside our culture to help us see our own culture. z Examples of sex 1) Adam and Eve. (universally accepted two sexes across all cultures); 2) Gwen (US) : -- born a male but presented as a female; -- killed because of the intolerance of the society; 3) BerdacheTwo-spirit (Natives): -- born male but dressed and perform female roles; -- marry men, do chores 4) Hijra (India): -- born men; but considered themselves as women; dress like women; -- remove male reproduction organs and prefer have sex with men; 5) Travesti (Brazil): -- born male but are very feminists; -- highly value their male reproduction organs (proud of being women with penis); -- considered themselves as a third gender, not women; z -- Intersexed: A person with biological characteristics of both male and females, often consisting of some combination of male and female genitalia; -- Transgender: A person whose gender identity does not match their birth sex -- Difference: sex is biological while gender is cultural; Intersexed is biological while transgender is cultural. -- Ethnocentrism: judging another culture exclusively by the standards of one[s own. Q: Back to Adam and Eve: is there only two sexes in the world? What determines sex? A: sex is socially constructed. z Sex as a social construction: -- Human sex is not strictly binary; there are other gender possibilities; -- misrecognition of Social Construction VS Nature; something universal across the society (binary sexes) may not be all from nature; -- GENDER AND SEXUALITY ARE SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED! www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit