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SOC103H1 (132)
Adam Green (20)


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University of Toronto St. George
Adam Green

Topic 8 J Religion (Week 8 lecture + NS Chp 13 + SIQ Chp 7) z Sociologists[ approaches of religion -- The question of whether god exists is not answerable from a sociological perspective, and is not at the interest of sociologists. -- Instead, sociologists deal with: - Cause and effects of religious affiliation: - Under what circumstances does religion serves as acts of social stability? - Under what circumstances does religion serves as forces of social change? - how does religions differ across people, time and space? - Origins of religions: - Why are people religious? Who are more religious than others? - How are we becoming less religious? z William James[s quote (see slides) z Karl Marx[s quote (Opium of the People) -- The quote underscores Marx[s position in religion and economy; -- Argues the anesthetic affects of religion: people, particularly the poor, are drawn to religion like opium to escape their painful economic position; -- Religion leads people to be passive, submissive, inactive towards unjust social conditions; -- People will not be motivated to change to current situation. z Divine Control -- Divine Control: God has determine its influence on the good and bad sides of people[s lives; an ]L]]o[Z life lies according to God[s will and God[s plan; -- In Western culture God intervenes in people[s most trivial daily life; it influences political decisions, especially in the US; e.g. Joe Biden on the eve of his US Presidential election, starts his speech by ^2} willing;_ -- different mental representations; given human and gender attributes: master, father, friend, mother, savior, healer..etc -- Divine controls have roots in all religions; -- Some people feel intimate bonds with God, feel God as a conscious being who is omnipotent and knows everything; God has explicit expectation for everyone much like parents. z SES J Socioeconomic Status -- Socioeconomic Status (SES) of an individual = Yearly Income of the individual + Highest level of education heshe attained; -- Indication of one[s class;
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